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T-72M2 Moderna

Main battle tank

T-72M2 Moderna

Development of the Slovak T-72M2 Moderna is complete but it received no production orders

 
 
Entered service -
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 43.5 t
Length (gun forward) ~ 9.8 m
Hull length ~ 6.9 m
Width ~ 3.8 m
Height ~ 2.3 m
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
Machine guns, cannons 1 x 7.62-mm, 1 x 30-mm
Elevation range - 4 to + 15 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 37 rounds
Machine guns, cannons ?
Mobility
Engine S12U diesel
Engine power 850 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 60 km/h
Range 480 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.8 m
Fording 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m

 

   The T-72M2 Moderna is a Slovakian upgrade of the Soviet T-72 main battle tank. The T-72M was license-produced in the former Czechoslovakia. It entered service with Czechoslovakian army in 1981. In the early 1990s after the dissolution of the Czechoslovakia, various upgrade programs were developed both in Czech Republic and Slovakia to keep their fleets of T-72 MBTs operational and combat capable. First prototype of the T-72M2 Moderna was revealed in 1993. Development of this tank is completed. For a number of years this upgrade was actively proposed for Slovak Army as well as export customers. However it received no production orders. Slovakia never ordered this tank due to funding problems. Only few prototypes were built for trials and evaluation.

   The T-72M2 Moderna has improved protection. The tank is fitted with DYNAS explosive reactive armor. The second prototype is fitted with a cage armor that provides protection against RPG rounds. The tank has a laser warning receiver. It notifies when the tank is illuminated by a laser beam and identifies direction of the threat. Then smoke grenades can be discharged to hide the tank. The tank is fitted with new automatic fire suppression system.

   The tank is fitted with a modernized 2A45MS 125-mm smoothbore gun. The gun is fitted with an autoloader.

   There is a coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. The first prototype of this tank was fitted with two Swiss 20-mm cannons, mounted on either side of the turret. These could engage air and ground targets. The second prototype was fitted with a single 30-mm cannon, from the Soviet BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle.

   The tank has got new VEGA fire control system, new ballistic computer and new sensors of Belgian and French origin. Vehicle commander uses panoramic sight. The same sight is used on the French Leclerc, and some other modern MBTs. This tank has got a hunter-killer engagement capability. Once commander spots and identifies the target, he lays the gun and lets the gunner complete all the aiming and firing process. During that time commander looks for the next target.

   This main battle tank has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver.

   The tank is fitted with a more powerful S12U turbocharged diesel engine, developing 850 hp. It is a Polish modernized version of the Soviet V-46-6 tank engine. It was used on the Polish PT-91 Twardy main battle tank. Even though upgraded tank is heavier it has improved cross-country mobility over the original T-72M.

 

Video of the T-72M2 Moderna main battle tank

 
T-72M2 Moderna

T-72M2 Moderna

T-72M2 Moderna

T-72M2 Moderna

T-72M2 Moderna

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