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Sabra

Main battle tank

Sabra MBT

The Sabra main battle tank is a modernized version of the M60A3, developed in Israel

 
 
Country of origin Israel
Entered service 2007
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 55 t
Length (gun forward) 9.4 m
Hull length 8.26 m
Width 3.63 m
Height 3.05 m
Armament
Main gun 120-mm smoothbore
Machine guns 3 x 7.62-mm
Mortar 1 x 60-mm
Elevation range - 9 to + 20 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 42 rounds
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine Continental AVDS-1790-5A diesel
Engine power 900 hp
Maximum road speed 48 km/h
Range 450 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.91 m
Trench 2.6 m
Fording 1.4 m
Fording (with preparation) 2.4 m

 

   The Sabra main battle tank is an extensive upgrade of the M60A3. This upgrade was developed in Israel to extend service life of the ageing M60 series tanks and making them more capable. Upgraded tanks have increased lethality, protection and mobility. These main battle tanks are currently in service only with Turkey. A contract to upgrade 170 Turkish Army M60 main battle tanks to the Sabra Mk.2 standard was awarded to Israel Military Industries (IMI) in 2002. The first prototype was delivered for trials and evaluation in 2005. It entered service with the Turkish Army and is locally known as the M60T. A total of 170 Turkish Army tanks were upgraded. It looks like these tanks saw their first combat debut in 2016 during a Turkish military operation in Syria.

   Vehicle is fitted with new modular armor protection. Upgraded vehicles retain their original, but up-armored turrets. Upgraded tanks are equipped with automatic fire suppression systems.

   The Sabra main battle tank is armed with a 120-mm smoothbore gun. This gun was developed in Israel and is similar to the Merkava Mk.3 gun. It is significantly superior to the original 105-mm gun installed on the M60 series tanks. This gun is capable of firing all standard NATO 120-mm ammunition. This gun is loaded manually. A total of 42 rounds for the main gun are carried. The Sabra also has new Knight fire control system.

   Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun, and two machine guns of the same caliber mounted on top of the roof. Alternatively a 5.45-mm MGs can be used. The Sabra MBT is also fitted with a 60-mm mortar.

   The Sabra main battle tank has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   Vehicle is powered by Continental AVDS-1790-5A turbocharged diesel engine, developing 900 horsepower. Chassis of the M60A3 has been upgraded to coupe with increased weight and for better cross-country mobility.

 

Variants

 

   Sabra Mk.1 an upgraded version of the Magach 7C, fitted with a 120-mm gun, improved add-on armor and new fire control system. Running gear was also upgraded;

   Sabra Mk.2 is fitted with modular passive armor and explosive reactive armor. Modular armor can be easily replaced if damaged or upgraded if more advanced armor is available. This version can be identified by a large M60-style commander cupola. It is powered by a more powerful German MTU 881 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 000 hp. The Sabra Mk.2 is in service with the Turkish Army and is locally known as the M60T;

   Sabra Mk.3 is fitted with armor, similar to that of the Merkava Mk.4 main battle tank. Commander's machine gun is enclosed and operated remotely.

   M60T is an upgraded version of the Turkish M60A3 tanks to the Sabra Mk.2 standard. The M60T is a Turkish designation. A contract to upgrade 170 Turkish M60 main battle tanks was awarded to IMI in 2002. The first prototype was delivered for trials and evaluation in 2005. Eventually all 170 tanks were delivered. It looks like the M60T tanks saw their first combat debut in 2016 during military operation in Syria.

 

Video of the Sabra main battle tank

 

 
Sabra Mk.1 MBT

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Sabra Mk.1 MBT

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Sabra Mk.2 MBT

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Sabra Mk.2 MBT

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Sabra Mk.2 MBT

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Sabra Mk.3 MBT

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

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