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Leopard 2A5

Main battle tank

Leopard 2A5

In the late 1990s the Leopard 2A5 was referred as the best main battle tank in the world

Entered service 1998
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 62.5 t
Length (gun forward) 9.67 m
Hull length 7.72 m
Width 3.74 m
Height 2.48 m
Main gun 120-mm smoothbore
Machine guns 2 x 7.62-mm
Elevation range - 9 to + 20 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 42 rounds
Machine guns 4 750 x 7.62-mm
Engine MTU MB-837 Ka501 diesel
Engine power 1 500 hp
Maximum road speed 72 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 1.15 m
Trench 3 m
Fording 1 m
Fording (with preparation) 4 m


   The Leopard 2A5 main battle tank is a radically improved variant of the Leopard 2. It was introduced in 1990. By 1998 a total of 225 German Army Leopard 2 main battle tanks were upgraded to the 2A5 standard. At that time the Leopard 2A5 was referred as the best main battle tank in the world. In 2013 German MoD signed a contract with Poland to sell 105 Leopard 2A5 tanks from the Army stocks, cutting down the number to 120 machines. Export operators are Denmark (57), Norway (52), Poland and Sweden (120). Norway obtained ex-Dutch Leopard 2A4 tank and upgraded them to 2A5 standard.

   The 2A5 has significantly improved armor protection comparing with its predecessor. Turret is fitted with a wedge-shaped add-on modular armor. Add-on modular armor panels were also fitted at the front of the hull. Damaged armor modules can be easily replaced in field conditions. New side skirts were fitted and interior of the vehicle is lined to prevent spalling.

   The Leopard 2A5 also received a more powerful armament. It is fitted with improved 120-mm / L44 smoothbore gun. Fire control system of this MBT was also improved.

   Secondary armament is similar to that on the Leopard 2 and consists of two 7.62-mm machine guns. One of them is coaxially mounted with the main gun, while another is placed on top of the roof.

   Engine of this vehicle remained unchanged. It is powered by MTU MB-837 Ka501 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 500 horsepower. The Leopard 2A5 can be fitted with a deep wading kit.




   Leopard 2A5 DK, variant with some modifications, used by the Danish Army. In terms of capabilities this variant equals to a newer Leopard 2A6, but retains the same gun;

   Strv 122, a Swedish license-produced variant. It has improved armor protection and new fire control system;

   Leopard 2A6 further development of the Leopard 2A5, fitted with a longer gun.


Video of the Danish Leopard 2A5 main battle tank


Leopard 2A5

Leopard 2A5

Leopard 2A5

Leopard 2A5

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