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FV101 Scorpion

Light tank

FV101 Scorpion

The FV101 Scorpion is a part of the CVR (T) tracked vehicle family



Entered service 1973
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 7.93 t
Length 4.4 m
Width 2.2 m
Height 2.1 m
Armament
Main gun 76.2-mm rifled
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Elevation range - 10 to + 35 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 45 rounds
Machine guns 3 000 rounds
Mobility
Engine Perkins diesel
Engine power 195 hp
Maximum road speed 87 km/h
Maximum amphibious speed 6.4 km/h
Range 640 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.5 m
Trench 2 m
Fording 1 m
Fording (with preparation) Amphibious

 

   The FV101 Scorpion light tank, or armored reconnaissance vehicle by British classification, was developed in the late 60s. It is a part of the tracked combat vehicle CVR (T) family. The FV101 Scorpion entered service with the Royal Army in 1973. It replaced the Saladin armored car. A total of 1241 Scorpions were built. For a long period of time it was the main vehicle in armored reconnaissance regiments. In 1994 this vehicle was withdrawn from active service with the Royal army, but it still operational with export customers.

   Vehicle is armed with L23A1 76-mm rifled gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. A small batch of 32 vehicles were fitted with a 90-mm main gun.

   One of the main requirements for the FV101 was to make this light tank airportable. That's why a number of light alloys were used building this tank. Vehicle has a front-mounted engine, providing additional protection for the crew. Front armor protects against 14.5-mm projectiles, fired from 200 meter range. All-round protection is against 7.62-mm rounds and artillery shell splinters.

   The FV101 has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver.

   Initial production FV101 Scorpion light tanks were powered by the Jaguar 4.2-liter petrol engine. It was a standard car engine, however it's power was down-rated from 265 hp to 195 hp for longer service life. This engine was chosen because it was commercially available and had high power-to-weight ratio. Later it was replace with Perkins diesel engine, which had better fuel economy. Both engines had similar performance.

   The FV101 light tank can be fitted with floatation kit, which makes this vehicle amphibious. On water it is propelled by it's tracks.

 

Variants

 

   FV102 Striker ATGW carrier fitted with Swingfire ATGMs;

   FV103 Spartan armored personnel carrier;

   FV104 Samaritan armored ambulance;

   FV105 Sultan command vehicle;

   FV106 Samson recovery vehicle;

   FV107 Scimitar armored reconnaissance vehicle. It took some of the Scorpion roles, when it was finally withdrawn from service.

 

Video of the FV101 Scorpion light tank

 
FV101 Scorpion

FV101 Scorpion

FV101 Scorpion

FV101 Scorpion

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