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BMT-72

Main battle tank

BMT-72

The BMT-72 has an unusual capacity to carry 5 soldiers under armor

 
 
Entered service -
Crew 3 + 5 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 50 t
Length (gun forward) 10.76 m
Hull length ~ 8.7 m
Width 3.77 m
Height 2.28 m
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
ATGW AT-11 Sniper
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm, 1 x 12.7-mm
Elevation range - 4 to + 15 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 30 rounds
Machine guns 2 000 x 7.62-mm, 450 x 12.7-mm
Mobility
Engine 6TD-2 diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 750 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 70%
Side slope 50%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.8 m
Fording 1.8 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m

 

   The BMT-72 is based on comprehensively upgraded T-72 main battle tank. Developers refer this vehicle as heavy infantry fighting vehicle. This unusual combat machine has a crew of three and can carry 5 troops. The BMT-72 is designed to be used as both transportation vehicle and fighting vehicle. It can carry troops on the battlefield under heavy enemy fire. Less protected IFVs and APCs are vulnerable to all anti-tank weapons and on the battlefield can only follow MBTs at a distance.

   It is worth noting that only Israeli Merkava main battle tanks have this unique capacity to carry extra infantrymen inside the tank under full armor protection. With the help of dismounts the BMT-72 can capture and retain various territories for a longer time. These combat machines can operate in formation with other main battle tanks or on their own.

   The BMT-72 uses a more compact, yet more powerful engine that the original T-72. Vehicle has an extended hull with an extra road wheel added on each side. The new troop compartment is located between the turret and engine compartment. Troops enter and leave the vehicle via three separate hatches. Depending on the situation soldiers can dismount and fight on foot or deliver fire from the opened hatches.

   This combat vehicle is fitted with Ukrainian built-in explosive armor was fitted for a higher level of protection. Also there is a Shtora-1 countermeasures system. It reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGW with semi-automatic guidance.

   It seems that the BMT-72 is fitted with a complete turret of the T-80UD. The turret also has been upgraded. Vehicle is armed with a 125-mm smoothbore gun. The gun is completed with a carousel-type autoloader. It fires APFSDS, HEAT and HE-FRAG rounds. It can also launch anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary projectiles. It uses either a Russian AT-11 Sniper or its Ukrainian version. A total of 30 rounds are carried for the main gun. 22 rounds are stored in the autoloader and are ready to use. Remaining rounds are stored inside the hull.

   Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. Also there is a remotely-controlled 12.7-mm machine gun.

   The BMT-72 is powered by a 6TD-2 turbocharged multi-fuel diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. The same engine is used on the T-84, Oplot and some other Ukrainian MBTs. This engine has opposed design and is more compact, yet more powerful than the original engine of the T-72. The BMT-72 can be fitted with a deep wading kit and ford water obstacles up to 5 m deep.

   This heavily armored vehicle was developed as a private venture to meet a possible requirement of Ukrainian Army as well as export customers. Ukrainian Army has about 1 300 T-72 MBTs in storage. A number of countries also still operate large fleets of these tanks or keep them in storage. Currently the ageing T-72 can not match protection, firepower and mobility of modern main battle tanks. However despite all advantages of the BMT-72 combat vehicle it received no production orders. It seems that most countries are unwilling to spend on upgrading their inventory of Cold War era armored vehicles. Many older tanks are being retired without replacement.

   Also Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau developed another similar vehicle. The BTMP-84 is based on Oplot main battle tank and also has extended hull with the capacity to carry 5 troops. However the BTMP-84 also received no production orders.

 

 
BMT-72

BMT-72

BMT-72

BMT-72

BMT-72


 
BMT-72

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