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Armata

Main battle tank

Armata tank

The Armata is a new-generation Russian main battle tank



Entered service expected in 2015
Crew 2 men (?)
Dimensions and weight
Weight up to 50 t
Length (gun forward) ?
Hull length ?
Width ?
Height ?
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
ATGW ?
Machine guns ?
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ~ 40 rounds
ATGW ?
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine A-82-2 diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 70 km/h
Range ~ 550 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.8 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) ?

 

   The Armata is a new Russian main battle tank project. Sometimes it is referred as T-14. Its development commenced in 2011. The Armata was developed as a replacement to the cancelled T-95. The whole project was kept in high secrecy. First mock-up was revealed to Russian military officials in 2013. Trials commenced in 2014. The new MBT was first publicly revealed in 2015. A first batch of 12 to 32 tanks will be delivered in 2015. It seems that these tanks were built mainly for parades. However full-scale production could begin soon. It is planned that Armata will replace the ageing T-72 and T-80 with T-90 that become out-dated.

   The Armata is a new-generation tank. It has little in common with the current T-90. Exact technical specifications of this MBT remain classified.

   It has been reported that this main battle tank is operated by a crew of only 2 men, including commander and driver. If it is true, so far it is the only MBT to have such a small crew. Older Russian tanks have a crew of 3. While most Western MBTs have a crew of 4. Reduction of the crew to just 2 men allowed to reduce crew compartment, overall the size of the vehicle and improve protection.

   The Armata might be one of the most protected MBTs in the world. It has been reported that it has newly-developed armor, made of steel, ceramics and composite materials. Also it has been reported that Armata has a Malakhit add-on explosive reactive armor of new generation. As usual this MBT is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It has been reported that Armata will be fitted with new Afganit active protection system. It seems that it also has a new countermeasures system that reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGW with semi-automatic guidance.

   It has been reported that crew members are seated in a well protected armored capsule. It is separated from automatic loader and ammunition. The tank has improved resistance to damage. It can fight even with penetrated armor, as far as the crew cell is intact.

   It was reported that Armata wil be armed with a 2A82 125-mm smoothbore gun. It has improved ballistics comparing with a 2A46M gun of the T-90 MBT. The gun is mounted in unmanned turret and is completed with an autoloader. This tank will be capable of firing gun-launched anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary rounds. These missiles have a range of about 5 km and can also target low-flying helicopters.

   The Armata MBT is fitted with new fire control system. The tank has a hunter-killer capability. It is also equipped with a battlefield management system.

   It has been reported that this new main battle tank is powered by an A-82-2 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. It is a new-generation engine that is much more compact than previous Russian tank engines. Engine is located at the rear. The Armata tank has 7 roadwheels of new type.

   From the earliest stages the Armata was designed to be a versatile platform for a whole host of armored vehicles. Self-propelled artillery system, heavy IFV, armored recovery vehicle, self-propelled howitzer, heavy flamethrower system, engineering vehicle, self-propelled air-defense vehicle and other support machines will be based on this platform.

 

Variants

 

   Heavy infantry fighting vehicle. It was first publicly revealed in 2015. This vehicle can carry 6-8 fully-equipped troops.  It is one of the most protected, if not the most protected IFV in the world. The Armata tank has a rear powerpack arrangement. What became an issue for the designers in order to make troop compartment in the rear part of the vehicle. So vehicle has a swapped front end with the rear. It is driving backwards comparing with the original Armata MBT;

   Armored recovery vehicle. Prototype completed in 2013.

 

Video of the Armata main battle tank

 
Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank


 
Armata tank

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