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Main battle tank

Armata tank

The Armata is a new-generation Russian main battle tank

Entered service Expected in 2016
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 48 t
Length (gun forward) 10.8 m
Hull length ~ 8.7 m
Width 3.5 m
Height 3.3 m
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 40 rounds
Machine guns 2 000 rounds
Engine A-82-2 diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 70 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.8 m
Trench ~ 2.8 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) ?


   The Armata is a new Russian main battle tank project. It is also referred as the T-14. Its development commenced in 2011. The Armata was developed as a replacement to the cancelled T-95. The whole project was kept in high secrecy. First mock-up was revealed to Russian military officials in 2013. Trials commenced in 2014. The new MBT was first publicly revealed in 2015. A first batch of 12 to 32 pre-production tanks was delivered to the Russian Army in 2015. However soon after the 2015 Victory Day Parade these pre-production tanks returned to the manufacturer for improvements and further testing. Russian Army trials are expected to begin in 2016. It this tank will be adopted, full-scale production could begin in 2017-2018. It is planned that Armata will replace the ageing T-72, T-80 and T-90 tanks that become out-dated.

   The Armata is a new-generation tank. It is a clean sheet design with a number of advanced features. It has little in common with the current T-90 and other older Soviet tanks. Actually it it the first Russian truly new production tank since the T-72, that was adopted back in 1973. Design of the Armata focuses on heavier armor and crew survivability. Exact technical specifications of the new Armata MBT remain classified.

   The new tank is much bigger, than the T-90. It is nearly as big as the German Leopard 2A7.

   This main battle tank is operated by a crew of 3 men, including commander, gunner and driver. It is in line with Russian tank-building concept, that the tank should be operated by a smaller crew in order to reduce its dimensions and weight and improve protection. Armata lacks gunner, as the gun is loaded by an autoloader. It is worth noting that most Western MBTs have a crew of 4.

   The Armata might be one of the most protected MBTs in the world. It has newly-developed base armor, made of steel, ceramics and composite materials. Also Armata has a new Malakhit add-on explosive reactive armor that is claimed to be of new generation. As usual this MBT is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It has been reported that Armata will be fitted with new Afganit active protection system. It also has a new countermeasures system that reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGW with semi-automatic guidance. This new Russian tank uses smoke grenade dischargers of new type.

   All crew members are seated in a well protected armored cell. It is separated from automatic loader and ammunition. The tank has improved resistance to damage. It can operate even with penetrated armor, as far as the crew cell is intact. It is the first production MBT with such crew layout.

   The Armata is also a world's first production MBT with completely unmanned turret. It is armed with a 2A82 125-mm smoothbore gun. This new gun has improved ballistics comparing with the 2A46M gun of the T-90 MBT. The gun is completed with an autoloader. This tank is capable of firing gun-launched anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary rounds. These missiles have a range of about 5 km and can also target low-flying helicopters.

   There is also a remotely-controlled weapon station, armed with a 7.62-mm machine gun. This weapon station also functions an commander's independent sight that gives the tank a hunter-killer capability.

   The Armata MBT is fitted with new fire control system. It is also equipped with a battlefield management system. Commander's and gunner's workstations are identical.

   It has been reported that this new main battle tank is powered by an A-82-2 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. It is a new-generation engine that is much more compact than previous Russian tank engines. Engine is located at the rear. The Armata tank has 7 roadwheels. It also has a built-in self-entrenching blade and can briefly prepare itself a firing position.

   From the earliest stages the Armata was designed to be a versatile platform for a whole host of armored vehicles. A number of specialized vehicles, such as self-propelled artillery system, heavy IFV, armored recovery vehicle, heavy flamethrower system, engineering vehicle, self-propelled air-defense vehicle and other support machines are planned to be based on this platform.




   Heavy infantry fighting vehicle. It is also referred as the T-15. It was first publicly revealed in 2015. This vehicle can carry 6-8 fully-equipped troops. It is one of the most protected, if not the most protected IFV in the world. The Armata tank has a rear powerpack arrangement. That became an issue for the designers in order to make troop compartment in the rear part of the vehicle. So the Armata infantry fighting vehicle has a swapped front end with the rear. It is driving backwards comparing with the original Armata MBT;

   Armored recovery vehicle. It is also referred as the T-16. Prototype completed in 2013.


Video of the Armata main battle tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

Armata tank

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