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INS Vikramaditya

Aircraft carrier

INS Vikramaditya

The INS Vikramaditya operates the MiG-29K naval multi-role fighters

Entered service 2014
Crew 1 600 men
Sea endurance 24 500 km at 18 knots
Dimensions and displacement
Length 273 m
Beam 31 m
Draught 8.2 m
Flight deck length ?
Flight deck width ?
Hangar deck length ?
Displacement, standard ?
Displacement, full load 45 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed 32 knots
Boilers 8
Steam turbines 4
Airwing up to 36 aircraft and helicopters
Fixed wing 12 - 16 x MiG-29K/KUB
Helicopters 4 - 16 x Ka-28/31
Artillery AK-630 CIWS
Missiles Barak 8 air defense missiles


   The INS Vikramaditya (Brave as the Sun) is a modified former Kiev class aviation cruiser. Vessel was originally known as Baku and later renamed to Admiral Gorshkov. This ship was commissioned to service with the Soviet Navy in 1987. However after collapse of the Soviet Union it was inactive since 1991 and was decommissioned in 1996.

   In 2004 an agreement was signed with Russia for the sale of this ship to India. Agreement included refit in Russian shipyard, purchase of aircraft and weapon systems, pilots training, delivery of simulators and spare parts.

  The ship was extensively refitted at Sevmash shipyard in Russia. The hull was completed and Vikramaditya was launched in 2008. It received a redesigned Kuznetsov-style flight deck, with a ski-jump, built in a newly raised bow.

   In 2013 sea trials of the refurbished INS Vikramaditya were completed and it left Russia for India. Since 2014 it is in active service with the Indian Navy. It is due to replace the ageing Viraat aircraft carrier.

   Agreement with Russia included the purchase entire wing of 12 MiG-29K carrier-based fighters and 4 twin-seat MiG-29KUB aircraft, with an option for more aircrafts, as well as 6 Ka-31 Helix airborne early warning helicopters. The INS Vikramaditya will also operate Sea Harrier aircraft and HAL Dhruv helicopters. Ship has got a hangar and two elevators. This vessel can normally carry 12 to 16 fighters and 4 to 16 helicopters. Maximum capacity is 30 aircraft and 6 helicopters.

   The INS Vikramaditya lost some heavy weapons of the Admiral Gorshkov, carried at the bow. Hence it lost guided-missile cruiser's capabilities of the Kiev class. After refit the INS Vikramaditya is armed only with short-range air defense weapons. It carries Russian AK-630 close-in weapon systems and Barak 8 air defense missiles. It is typical for Indian forces to use a mix of Western, Russian and indigenous weapon systems.

   Propulsion consists of eight boilers and four shaft geared steam turbines. Vessel has a range of 24 500 km at cruising speed.


Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
INS Vikramaditya 1978 1982 2014

active, in service


INS Vikramaditya

INS Vikramaditya

INS Vikramaditya

INS Vikramaditya

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