The INS Vikramaditya operates the MiG-29K naval
1 600 men
24 500 km at 18 knots
Dimensions and displacement
Flight deck length
Flight deck width
Hangar deck length
Displacement, full load
45 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
up to 36 aircraft and helicopters
12 - 16 x MiG-29K/KUB
4 - 16 x Ka-28/31
Barak 8 air defense missiles
The INS Vikramaditya
(Brave as the Sun) is a modified former
aviation cruiser. Vessel was originally known as Baku and later renamed to Admiral Gorshkov.
This ship was commissioned to service with the Soviet Navy in 1987.
However after collapse of the
Soviet Union it was inactive since 1991 and was decommissioned in 1996.
In 2004 an agreement was signed with Russia for the sale of this
ship to India. Agreement included refit in Russian shipyard,
purchase of aircraft and weapon systems, pilots training, delivery
of simulators and spare parts.
The ship was
extensively refitted at Sevmash shipyard in Russia. The hull was completed and Vikramaditya was launched in 2008. It
received a redesigned
flight deck, with a ski-jump, built in a newly raised bow.
In 2013 sea trials of the refurbished INS Vikramaditya were
completed and it left Russia for India. Since 2014 it is in active
service with the Indian Navy. It is due to replace the ageing
Viraat aircraft carrier.
Agreement with Russia included the purchase entire wing of 12
MiG-29K carrier-based fighters and 4 twin-seat MiG-29KUB aircraft,
with an option for more aircrafts, as well as 6
airborne early warning helicopters.
The INS Vikramaditya will also operate
Harrier aircraft and
HAL Dhruv helicopters. Ship has got
a hangar and two elevators. This vessel can normally carry 12 to 16 fighters
and 4 to 16 helicopters. Maximum capacity is 30 aircraft and 6
The INS Vikramaditya lost some heavy weapons of the Admiral Gorshkov,
carried at the bow. Hence it lost guided-missile cruiser's
capabilities of the Kiev class. After refit the INS Vikramaditya is
armed only with short-range air defense weapons. It carries Russian
AK-630 close-in weapon systems and Barak 8 air defense missiles. It
is typical for Indian forces to use a mix of Western, Russian and
indigenous weapon systems.
Propulsion consists of eight boilers and four shaft geared steam
has a range of 24 500 km at cruising speed.