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Typhoon class

Ballistic missile submarine

Typhoon class submarine

The Typhoon class submarines are the largest undersea vessels ever built



Entered service 1981
Crew 150-175 men
Diving depth (operational) 400 m
Sea endurance 120 days
Dimensions and displacement
Length 170 - 172 m
Beam 23 - 23.3 m
Draught 11 - 11.5 m
Surfaced displacement 23 200 - 24 500 tons
Submerged displacement 33 800 - 48 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
Surfaced speed 12 - 16 knots
Submerged speed 25 - 27 knots
Nuclear reactors 2 x 190 MW
Steam turbines 2 x 37.3 MW
Armament
Missiles 20 x SS-N-20 'Sturgeon' SLBMs
Torpedoes 2 x 650-mm and 4 x 533-mm torpedo tubes

 

   The Typhoon class (Project 941 Akula) boats are the largest undersea vessels ever built, and are based on a double hull design that comprises two separate pressure hulls joined by a single outer covering to give increased protection against ASW weapons.

   The class was built specifically for operations with the Soviet Northern Fleet in the Arctic ice pack. The reinforced sail, advanced stern fin with horizontal hydroplane fitted aft of the screws and retractable bow hydroplanes allow the submarine to break easily through spots of thin ice within the Arctic ice shelf.

   The first unit was laid down in 1976 at Severodvinsk and commissioned in 1980, achieving operational status in 1981. To arm the Typhoon, design of a fifth-generation SLBM, the R-39 Taifun (SS-N-20 Sturgeon), began in 1973. Six Typhoon class vessels were constructed between 1981-89, entering service to form part of the 1st Flotilla of Atomic Submarines, within the Western Theatre of the Northern Fleet, and based at Nyerpicha. Construction of a seventh vessel was not completed.

   The R-39 allowed the submarine to fire the weapon from within the Arctic Circle and still hit a target anywhere within the continental US. The Typhoons, were originally to be retrofitted with the improved R-39M (SS-N-28) missiles.

   Two vessels were decommissioned in 1997, and in 2002 only two remained in service although it has been reported that three of the class will remain active in order to test the R-39M or the new Bulava SLBM, contravening the Co-operative Threat Reduction Program.

   As of 2013 only one boat remains in service. In 2013 it was announced that two boats remaining in reserve are due to be decommissioned and scrapped. The Typhoon class will be eventually replaced with new Borei class submarines.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Dmitriy Donskoy (TK-208) 1976 1980 1981

active, in service

(TK-202) 1987 1982 1983

scrapped

Simbirsk (TK-12) 1980 1983 1984

scrapped

(TK-13) 1982 1985 1985

scrapped

Arkhangelsk (TK-17) 1983 1986 1987

decommissioned

Severstal (TK-20) 1985 1988 1989 decommissioned
(TK-210) 1986 1990 -

never completed, scrapped

 

Video of the Typhoon class ballistic missile submarine

 

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

 
Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

Typhoon class submarine

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