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Type 45 Daring class

Guided-missile destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

The first Type 45 or Daring class guided-missile destroyer was commissioned in 2009



Entered service 2009
Crew 187 - 235 men
Sea endurance ?
Dimensions and displacement
Length 152.4 m
Beam 21.2 m
Draught 5.3 m
Displacement, standard ?
Displacement, full load 7 350 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed 29 knots
Range ?
Propulsion Integrated Electric Propulsion; 2 x Rolls-Royce WR-21 gas turbine alternators; 2 x diesel generators; 2 x motors
Aircraft
Helicopters 1 x Lynx HMA Mk.8 or EH-101 Merlin
Armament
Artillery 1 x Vickers 114-mm gun, 2 x 30-mm anti-aircraft guns, 2 x 20-mm Vulcan Phalanx CIWS
Missiles 2 x quadruple Harpoon launchers (optional), 6 x A 50 vertical launchers for PAAMS (16 x Aster 15 or 32 x Aster 30 missiles)

 

   The Royal Navy's Type 42 or Sheffield class destroyers were replaced by the Type 45, also referred as the Daring class. The Type 45 ships are the largest surface combatants operated by the Royal Navy since World War II. It is claimed that the class provides an air defence capability 'several orders of magnitude' greater than that offered by the Sheffield class.

   The Type 42 class was originally to be replaced by a joint Anglo-French-Italian project called 'Project Horizon'. However, this initiative was beset with delays. When the project stalled, the US Navy offered to lease to the Royal Navy five Ticonderoga class Aegis cruisers, however this offer was declined. In 1999, the Royal Navy decided to commence the development of the Type 45 class. The first ship, HMS Daring, entered service in 2009.

   Several features were incorporated into the Daring class, which were earmarked for the ill-fated Project Horizon. These include some of the internal architecture of the ship, and the Principal Anti-Aircraft Missile System (PAAMS). PAAMS strengthened the Type 45's air defence capability, and incorporate the Aster 30 missile, which has a range of 80 km. The system can intercept super-agile missiles fitted with re-attack modes, together with the full envelope of current and anticipated air threats. Furthermore, the ship can engage missile threats operating either individually or in salvos. In addition to PAAMS, it is hoped that the Daring class will eventually deploy Tomahawk cruise missiles.

   While Type 45 is expected to have cheaper operating overheads than Type 42, the cost of its individual spare parts could be slightly higher, although the ships will field a smaller complement of crew and officers. The ships feature a comprehensive suite of sensors. An S1850M radar provides wide-area, long-range search. This is reinforced by an MFS-7000 bow-mounted sonar. Air defence combat management is co-ordinated by the Sampson radar system, combining surveillance and tracking roles in a single system. This can detect and track hostile aircraft or missiles while providing guidance for the ship's own weapons systems. The ship's sensors will be linked together by the Combat Management System (CMS), while communications with other vessels and satellite systems will be facilitated through the Fully-Integrated Communications System (FICS).

   Ship protection is provided by the Surface Ship Torpedo Defence System. Furthermore, the ship can embark a complement of 60 Royal Marine Commandos with a supporting aircraft. The flight deck accommodates the Royal Navy's Merlin helicopter, although initially the ships operated with Lynx. Type 45 Daring class features a revolutionary WR-21 advanced gas turbine engine which will afford significant cost savings. The engines features an Integrated Electric Propulsion System, which eliminates the gearbox and increases fuel efficiency.

   The ship's interior has been designed with 'room for growth' as a major consideration. While the ship's complement include around 190 crew, there is an option to increase this to 235. This permit the accommodation of specialist personnel, which allow for an increased range of missions, such as humanitarian relief, to be performed.

   In total, six Type 45 vessels were built. These replaced a total of 12 Sheffield class destroyers. The HMS Daring was followed by HMS Dauntless and HMS Diamond in 2010. These original vessels were followed by another three ships: HMS Dragon, HMS Defender and HMS Duncan. The Navy may commission a further six ships, leading to total class of 12 units. The original production contract was placed with Marconi Electronic Systems (now BAE Systems) as the prime contractor. All of the vessels were assembled and launched at BAE's facilities at Yarrow.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Daring (D32) 2003 2006 2009

active, in service

Dauntless (D33) 2004 2007 2010

active, in service

Diamond (D34) 2005 2007 2011

active, in service

Dragon (D35) 2005 2008 2012

active, in service

Defender (D36) 2006 2009 2013

active, in service

Duncan (D37) 2007 2010 2013

active, in service

 

Video of the Type 45 Daring class guided-missile destroyer

 

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

 
Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

Type 45 Daring class destroyer

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