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Ouragan class

Landing ship dock

Ouragan class ship

The Ouragan class ships were used both for amphibious warfare and as a logistic transport

 
 
Entered service 1965
Crew 211 men
Sea endurance ?
Dimensions and displacement
Length 149 m
Beam 23 m
Draught 5.4 m
Displacement, standard 5 800 tons
Displacement, full load 8 500 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed 17 knots
Range ?
Diesel engines 2 x SEMT-Pielstick diesels
(8 600 - 9 400 shp)
Cargo
Troops (normal) 349 men
Troops (overload) 470 men
Vehicles up to 120 light armored vehicles or 340 light utility vehicles
Cargo up to 1 500 tons
Landing craft
Landing craft 2 x LCT, or 5 x LVT, or 8 x CTMs, or 18 x LCM6s plus 3 x LCVPs
Aircraft
Helicopters 1 x SA 321G Super Frelon or
3 x SA 319B Alouette III
Armament
Artillery 2 x single Bofors 40-mm guns, 2 x Breda/Mauser 30-mm guns
Missiles 2 x Matra Simbad twin launchers for Mistral surface-to-air missiles

 

   The Ouragan class of dock landing ship is used both for amphibious warfare and logistic transport by the French navy. They are fitted with a well dock some 120 m by 5.5 m. The well dock can accommodate two 670-ton full load EDIC LCTs (carrying 11 light tanks, or 11 trucks or five LVTs) or 18 LCM6s (carrying 30 tons of cargo or vehicles). Above the well deck is a 36-m long six-section removable helicopter deck capable of operating one SA 321G Super Frelon heavy-lift helicopter or three SA 319B Alouette III utility helicopters. If required, a 90-m long temporary deck can also be fitted to stow cargo or vehicles, but its use reduces the number of landing craft carried as half the well deck is taken up. If used with this extra deck as a logistic transport then the total cargo capacity of the vessel becomes some 1 500 tons. This can comprise either 18 Super Frelon or 80 Alouette III helicopters, or 120 AMX-10s or 84 light amphibious vehicles or 340 light utility vehicles or 12 50-ton barges. A typical load may comprise one 380-ton CDIC LCT, four 56-ton CTMs, 10 AMX-10RC armoured cars and 21 further vehicles or a total of 150 to 170 vehicles (without landing craft). Three is a permanent helicopter deck for up to four Super Frelons or 10 Alouette IIIs located next to the starboard bridge area. Two 35-ton capacity cranes handle the heavy equipment carried. Each of the two ships also has command and control facilities to operate as amphibious force flagships. They also carry an extensive range of repair and maintenance workshops to support the units embarked. Troop accommodation is provided for 349 men under normal conditions, although 470 can be carried for short distances. Three LCVPs are carried as deck cargo.

   The Orage (L 9022) was allotted to the French Pacific nuclear experimental centre as the logistic transport to and from France. It was also the centre's floating headquarters, using a modular facility within the well deck area. In 1993, both vessels received two twin Simbad launchers for Mistral surface-to-air missiles and new search radars.

   Both the Orage and Ouragan (L 9021) have had service life extensions. The Ouragan was decommissioned in 2006, while Orange in 2007. Both of these ships were replaced with two new 20 000-ton Mistral class LHDs. Also old ships were supposedly transferred to Argentine Navy, but their future is currently uncertain.

 

 
Ouragan class ship

Ouragan class ship

Ouragan class ship

Ouragan class ship

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