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Okpo class

Guided-missile destroyer

Okpo class destroyer

The Okpo class ships marked the beginning of the South Korean navy's transformation from a costal to oceanic force

 
 
Entered service 1998
Crew 170 men
Sea endurance ?
Dimensions and displacement
Length 135.4 m
Beam 14.2 m
Draught 4.2 m
Displacement, standard ?
Displacement, full load 3 855 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed 30 knots
Range 7 400 km at 18 knots
Propulsion CODOG; two General Electric GE LM2500 gas turbines delivering 58 200 shp and two MTU 20V 956 TB92 diesels delivering 7 995 shp to two shafts
Aircraft
Helicopters 2 x Super Lynx
Armament
Artillery 1 x 127-mm Otobreda gun, 2 x 30-mm Goalkeeper CIWS
Missiles 2 x quad launchers for Harpoon anti-ship missiles, 1 x Mk 48 Mod 2 vertical launch system for RIM-7P Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missiles
Torpedoes 2 x tripple 324-mm Mk 32 launchers for Mk 46 ASW torpedoes

 

   The South Korean navy is in the midst of a major ship-building programme within the context of its Korean Destroyer Experimental (KDX) effort. This is a three-stage programme based on three classes: the 3 800-ton KDX-1, 5 000-ton KDX-2 and 7 000-ton or more KDX-3 for service from 1998, 2004 and 2007-08 respectively. Each class is more ambitious than its predecessor in ship size, sensors and weapons. The KDX-1 programme yielded three destroyers of the Okpo class from which the KDX-2 and KDX-3 classes were evolved. The Okpo ships marked the beginning of the South Korean navy's transformation from a coastal to oceanic force.

   Design of the Okpo class was a somewhat slow process: the first ship was to have been laid down in 1992 but was in fact started in 1995. The primary task is the air-defence and anti-submarine escort of strike, anti-submarine and amphibious forces. As such, the ships of the Okpo class (so named from the city in which Daewoo built the vessels) are multi-role combatants with advanced sensors and weapon systems. Originally to have comprised up to 10 units, the class was curtailed to just three units to allow concentration on the KDX-2 type. Kwanggaeto the Great, Euljimundok and Yangmanchun were thus commissioned in 1998, 1999 and 2000 respectively.

   The ships are quipped for offensive operations in multi-threat environments, working either independently or as part of a combat group. For this reason three is a very high degree of integration and automation in the control and weapon systems to facilitate effective operation in any aspect of modern naval warfare.

   Propulsion is entrusted to a CODOG arrangement of two gas turbines and two diesels for high combat speed combined with long cruising endurance, and as part of the integration of ship systems the propulsion control, electric plant control, damage control and fire detection consoles are located in the central control station.

   The ships incorporate many items of sensor, weapon, fire-control and propulsion equipment of US and European origin. US input is evident in the Sea Sparrow short-range SAMs, Harpoon anti-ship missiles, anti-submarine torpedo system and air-search radar, while European input is seen in weapons such as the 127-mm gun, CIWS, Super Lynx helicopters and sensors such as the surface-search and fire-control radars, and the sonar. The hangar and flight platform support two helicopters.

 

 
Okpo class destroyer

Okpo class destroyer

Okpo class destroyer

Okpo class destroyer

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