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Mistral class

Amphibious assault ship

Mistral class

The Mistral class landing platform docks can carry a full tank battalion

 
 
Country of origin France
Entered service 2006
Crew 1060 men
Sea endurance 20 000 km at 15 knots
Dimensions and displacement
Length 199 m
Beam 32 m
Draught 6.3 m
Displacement, standard 16 500 tons
Displacement, full load 21 300 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed 19 knots
Diesel generators 3 x 16V32 and 1 x 18V200 Wartsila, developing 20.8 MW
Electric motors 2 x 7MW
Cargo
Troops 450 - 900 men
Vehicles 40 x Leclerc MBTs
Cargo ?
Landing craft
Landing craft 4 x LCM or 2 x LCAC
Airwing
Helicopters 16 medium or 35 light
Armament
Missiles 2 x Simbad launchers for Mistral surface-to-air
Artillery 2 x 30-mm Breda-Mauser CIWS.

 

   The first of the Mistral amphibious assault ship (LHD) was commissioned in 2006. Three of these ships are in service with the French Navy, named Mistral, Tonnerre and Dixmude. At some point the forth ship was planned.

   In 2010 Russia ordered two Mistral class ships. These ships were built in France. It was planned that 2 more ships will be built in Russia. However the deal was cancelled due to Russia's military actions in Ukraine. The third ship for the Russian Navy was reportedly laid down in 2012, but never completed. Its current status is unknown. In 2015 two French-built ships from the Russian contract, the Vladivostok and Sevostopol, were sold to Egypt instead. The Vladivostok was renamed Gamal Abdel Nasser and the Sevastopol was renamed as Anwar Sadat. Both of these assault ships were delivered to Egypt in 2016.

   The Mistral class vessels are the largest combatants in the French Navy service after the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. They replaced the Ouragan class LSDs. Primary mission for these ships are amphibious landing operations. They also provide command and force projection capability.

   The new vessel uses four mechanized landing craft (LCM) or two hovercraft (LCAC) in the stern deck to deliver troops and vehicles ashore. It can carry a full tank battalion with up to 40 Leclerc MBTs, or up to 70 lighter vehicles. Ship provides accommodation for 450 marines, however surge capacity is 900.

   The Mistral class LHD has six helicopter landing spots. Up to 16 medium (NH90, Tigre) or 35 light helicopters can be carried and stored in the hangar deck. It is worth mentioning that every helicopter, operated by the French military, can land on these ships. Currently this class can not operate V/STOVL aircraft, as it has got no ski-jump bow associated equipment.

   Ships are equipped with 69-bed hospitals, furthermore hangar can also be converted into a modular field hospital. The Mistral class can be deployed as command and control vessels. Command center can host up to 150 personnel.

   Vessel is armed with two Simbad launchers for Mistral surface-to-air missiles and two 30-mm Breda-Mauser guns. Vessels for the Russian Navy carry different armament. These are armed with two Palma gun/missile air defense systems and two Gibka launchers with Igla missiles. There are two twin-barrel A-220M 57-mm guns and six-barrel AK-630M 30-mm guns.

   The Mistral class uses new propulsion technology, which gives ships significant maneuvering capabilities. It is an all-electric warship. Power is generated by four diesel generators, providing 20.8 MW. These vessels have a range of 10 700 nautical miles (20 000 km) at 14 knots.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Mistral (L9013) 2002 2004 2006

active, in service

Tonnerre (L9014) 2002 2005 2007

active, in service

Dixmude (L9015) 2009 2010 2011

active, in service

 

Ships originally built for the Russian Navy, but later sold to Egypt

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Gamal Adbel Nasser (ex-Vladivostok) (L1020) 2012 2013 2016

active, in service

Anwar Sadat (ex-Sevastopol) (L1020) 2012 2014 2016

active, in service

? 2012 - -

current status unknown

 

 

Video of the Mistral class amphibious assault ship

 
Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

Mistral class

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