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Graney class

Nuclear-powered attack submarine

Graney class

The new Project 885 boats will be only slightly quieter than the current Russian submarines



Entered service 2014
Crew 50 ~ 90 men
Diving depth (operational) 300 m (?)
Diving depth (maximum) 600 m
Sea endurance 100 days
Dimensions and displacement
Length 111 ~ 119 m
Beam 12 ~ 13.5 m
Draught 8.4 ~ 9.4 m
Surfaced displacement ~ 8 600 tons
Submerged displacement ~ 13 800 tons
Propulsion and speed
Surfaced speed ~ 20 knots
Submerged speed 31 ~ 35 knots
Nuclear reactors ?
Steam turbines ?
Electric motors ?
Armament
Missiles 24 VLS with cruise missiles
Torpedoes 8 x 650-mm torpedo tubes for torpedoes and anti-ship missiles
Other Mines in place of torpedoes

 

   The Project 885 Yasen (NATO designation Graney class) is a new Russian nuclear-powered attack submarine. It will become a successor to the older Akula class submarines. The lead boat, Severodvinsk, was laid down in 1993, however project was stopped in 1996 due to funding problems. In 2003 the project received additional funding and work continued. It was delivered to the Russian Navy in 2013. However officially this submarine was adopted in 2014.

   The second submarine of this class, the Kazan, was laid down in 2009. It is an improved project Yasen-M boat, fitted with improved electronic systems. Considerable changes were made to its design, as this boat has been laid down 16 years later than the Severodvinsk.

   In 2013 another submarine of this class, the Novosibirsk, has been laid down. It is also an improved project Yasen-M boat. Sources from the Russian MoD claim that at least three more submarines of this class are planned. All submarines will be built at SEVMASH naval yard in Severodvinsk.

   The Graney class is larger than the previous Akula class. Armament of this submarine includes 24 vertical launch tubes for various cruise missiles. Cruise missiles include the P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26), which has a range of about 300 km. These multi-purpose submarine are capable of striking costal targets. Improved Yasen-M boats might have more vertical launch tubes.

   Also there are eight 650-mm torpedo tubes for torpedoes and anti-ship missiles. Some sources report, that a total of 30 torpedoes and anti-ship missiles are carried. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes. It is worth mentioning, that torpedo tubes are fitted behind the compartment of the central station. Some sources report that there are also two 533-mm torpedo tubes.

   Hull of this submarine is made of low magnetic steel, with a spherical bow sonar. It is considered that the Graney class are only slightly quieter than the improved Akula class.

   It is reported that this submarine has a crew of only 50, suggesting a high degree of automation. However other sources claim, that these boats have a crew of 90 submariners, including 32 officers.

   The Graney class submarine has a single pressurized water reactor. Reactor has a service life of about 25-30 years and do not has to be refueled. Sea endurance of these boats is limited only by food supplies.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Severodvinsk (K-329) 1993 2010 2013

active, in service

Kazan 2009 expected in 2014 expected in 2015

under construction

Novosibirsk 2013 ? expected in 2016

under construction

Krasnoyarsk 2014 (?) ? expected in 2016

under construction

Khabarovsk 2014 (?) ? ?

under construction

? ? ? ?

planned

 

 

Video of the Graney class nuclear-powered attack submarine

 
Graney class

Graney class

Graney class

Graney class

Graney class

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