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Borei class

Ballistic missile submarine

Borei class submarine

The Borei class is a forth-generation ballistic missile submarine

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2012
Crew 130 men
Diving depth (operational) 380 m
Diving depth (maximum) 400 - 450 m
Sea endurance 90 - 100 days
Dimensions and displacement
Length 160 m
Beam 13.5 m
Draught 10 m
Surfaced displacement 14 720 tons
Submerged displacement 24 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
Surfaced speed 15 knots
Submerged speed 26 - 29 knots
Propulsion nuclear reactor and pump jet propulsion
Armament
Missiles 16 x Bulava SLBMs
Torpedoes 6 x 533-mm torpedo tubes

 

   The Project 955, known in the West as Borei class, is a forth-generation nuclear-powered missile submarine. The Borei class will replace ageing Russian Delta III, Delta IV and Typhoon class ballistic missile submarines and will form a core of Russian naval deterrent.

   First of the class, the Yury Dolgoruky was laid down in 1996. Production of the vessel suffered severe delays due to funding problems. It was launched only in 2007. It is the first Russian strategic missile submarine to be launched since the Soviet era. It is also considered a milestone in the development of the Russian navy.

   By 2020 Russian Navy plans to operate a total of eight Borei class ballistic missile submarines. These boats will form a core of the Russian nuclear triad until 2040.

   The Borei class submarine carries Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The Bulava is a naval version of the Topol-M. The Yury Dolgoruky carries 16 of these intercontinental missiles. This lead Borei class submarine was originally planned do be commissioned in 2009. However due to delays with the Bulava development it was fitted with missiles only in 2013. Development of the Bulava was plagued by setbacks, as there were numerous failures during test launches. As of 2017 out of 27 test launches 12 tests were failures. In reality development of this missile still continues.

   The Bulava missile has a declared range of 9 500 km. This missile can carry 6 MIRVs with a yield of 150 kT each. It can also carry 10 MIRVs, though to a range of only 4 000 km. The Bulava has an astro-inertial guidance with Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system update. It has a CEP of 350 m. This missile was designed to overcome hostile air defenses.

   The forth submarine of the class, Knyaz Vladimir, is built to improved Project 955A standard. These boats will have numerous improvements and might have different hull shape. Improved boats will carry 20 ballistic missiles instead of 16. Borei has about half the displacement of the Typhoon class, however will carry a similar number of missiles.

   This forth-generation nuclear missile submarine is less detectable to sonar than its predecessors. Other advancements include a pump jet propulsion. It is the first Russian submarine with such propulsion system.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Yury Dolgoruki (K-535) 1996 2007 2012

active, in service

Alexandr Nevsky (K-550) 2004 2010 2013

active, in service

Vladimir Monomakh (K-551) 2006 2012 2014

active, in service

Knyaz Vladimir 2012 ? expected in 2017

under construction

Knyaz Oleg 2014 ? expected in 2017

under construction

? 2014 ? ?

under construction

Imperator Alexandr III 2015 ? expected in 2020

under construction

Knyaz Pozharskiy 2016 ? expected in 2020

under construction

 

 

Video of the Borei class ballistic missile submarine

 

 
Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

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