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Type 11

Short-range air defense missile system

Type 11 air defense system

The JGSDF uses the Type 11 based on 6x6 truck, while the JASDF uses this system on a 4x4 vehicle

 
 
  JGSDF version on 6x6 truck JASDF version on 4x4 vehicle
Country of origin Japan
Entered service 2011
Crew ~ 3
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 6 t ~ 3.5 t
Length ~ 7.3 m ~ 5 m
Width 2.49 m 2.15 m
Height ~ 3.5 m ~ 2.75 m
Missile
Missile length ~ 2.9 m
Missile diameter ~ 0.16 m
Fin span ?
Missile weight ~ 100 kg
Warhead weight ~ 10 kg
Warhead type HE FRAG
Range of fire 10 ~ 15 km
Altitude of fire ~ 3 km
Guidance Active radar homing
Mobility
Engine diesel Toyota 4.1-liter diesel
Engine power ~ 285 hp 170 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 90 km/h ~ 100 km/h
Range ~ 800 km ~ 800 km
Maneuverability
Gradient ~ 60% ~ 60%
Side slope ~ 30% ~ 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m ~ 0.4 m
Trench ~ 1 m ~ 0.5 m
Fording ~ 1 m ~ 0.8 m

 

   The Type 11 is a Japanese short-range air defense missile system. It is also known as Tan-SAM Kai II (revision II). It was developed by Toshiba as an improved and modernized version of the previous Type 81 short-range air defense system. A research study for a new short-range air defense system was conducted between 1999 and 2002. Development began in 2005. The Type 11 was adopted by the Japanese armed forces and air forces in 2011. Initial deliveries commenced during the same year. This air defense system was publicly unveiled in 2014. Deliveries were rather slow and by 2020 the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces (JGSDF) operated only 11 batteries while the Japanese Air Self-Defense Forces (JASDF) operated 6 batteries.

   The Type 11 uses generally similar missiles as the Type 81. Though the Type 11 carries its missiles in a containerized form. Missiles are factory fitted in containers. This improved maintainability and handling of the missiles. The missile also has improved performance and can now additionally engage small air-to-ground missiles and cruise missiles.

   The previous Type 81 had two types of guidance methods - radar homing and infrared homing. One of the methods was dropped and the Type 11 retains only active radar homing at its terminal stage. Warhead detonates on contact. There is also radar proximity fuse which detonates the warhead if the missile misses its target.

   The JGSDF operate this air defense system based on a Type 73 truck with 6x6 configuration. It has a launcher with 4 containerized missiles. This vehicle is operated by a crew of 3.

  The JASDF operate the Type 11 based on a Kohkidohsha light utility vehicle with 4x4 configuration. It also carries 4 missiles, but is intended for protection of airbases.

   The Type 11 can be linked with other Japanese air defense systems in one network.

   The Type 11 air defense system includes an active electronically scanned array radar, based on the Type 73 truck. The launcher vehicle is also supported by a reloading vehicle, which is also based on the Type 73 truck. It is fitted with a crane and carries 8 reload missiles.

 

JASDF version of the Type 11 based on a 4x4 light utility vehicle

 

 
Type 11 air defense system

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Type 11 air defense system

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Type 11 air defense system

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Type 11 air defense system

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Type 11 air defense system

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