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Shturm-S

Anti-tank missile carrier

Shturm-S

The Shturm-S ATGW carrier is used by dedicated anti-tank units

 
 
Entered service 1979
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 12.3 t
Length ~ 6.45 m
Width ~ 2.88 m
Height 1.8 m
Missile
Missile length 1.63 m
Missile diameter 0.13 m
Missile weight 31.4 kg
Warhead weight ?
Warhead type HEAT
Range of fire 400 - 5 000 m
Guidance system radar
Penetration 550 - 600 mm
Number of missiles carried 12
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-238V diesel
Engine power 240 hp
Maximum road speed 61 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 4-5 km/h
Range 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.6 m
Trench 2.4 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The Shturm-S (assault) is a Soviet anti-tank missile carrier. This system is known in the West as AT-6 or Spiral. It was developed in the mid 1970s. It entered service with the Soviet Army in 1979. The launcher vehicle is referred as 9K114. The Shturm-S is used by anti-tank units. It supplemented the 9P148 (Konkurs-equipped BRDM-2 armored vehicles). However the Shturm-S is a more capable system. During the Cold War the Shturm-S equipped units were intended to stop advancing enemy armored units.

   Currently the Shturm-S anti-tank missile carrier is in service with Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Ukraine and some other former Soviet republics. The Shturm-S has seen combat during the wars in Afghanistan and Chechnya. In 2014 the Shturm-S systems, were used during ongoing military conflict in Ukraine.

   The main role of the Shturm-S is to engage enemy tanks, armored vehicles, enemy infantry, buildings, fortifications. It also has a secondary capability against low-flying and slow moving helicopters.

   This ATGW carrier fires 9M114 Kokon supersonic missiles. These missiles have radar guidance. Radio link allows the missile to travel faster and further than if it had wire guidance. It uses five frequency bands and two codes to reduce the risk of jamming. There are two types of warheads. The 9M114M missile has a HEAT warhead. It is used against tanks and armored vehicles. It penetrates 550-600 mm of RHA. Also there are 9M114F missiles have thermobaric warheads. These are used against entrenched enemy troops, fortifications, buildings and soft-skin vehicles. Missiles have a range of 400-5 000 m. At a maximum range both missiles can hit a target with a size of 1 m with a hit probability of 90%.

   Later two improved 9M114M1 (AT-6B) and 9M114M2 (AT-6C) anti-tank missiles with tandem HEAT warhead appeared. These penetrates 800 mm of RHA behind explosive reactive armor. Improved missile also has a range of 6 and 7 km respectively. Some sources report that by 1994 all missiles were rebuilt to this standard.

   Missiles are stored, carried and launched from special containers. Missiles can be stored in these containers for at least 10 years.

   Vehicle has a launcher rail, that is reloaded automatically from a magazine, located inside the hull. Once the missile is fired the launcher rail is reloaded faster than it takes missile to reach its target. This ATGW carrier can launch 3-4 missiles per minute. A total of 12 missiles are carried by the vehicle. It seems that in case of emergency missile can be reloaded manually from outside of the hull. In traveling order the launcher rail is retracted into the hull. It takes about 15 seconds to stop and launch missile from travelling.

   Missiles are guided onto a target using a direct vision sight. However the Shtrum-S lacks night fighting capability.

   This ATGW carrier is operated by a crew of two, including commander and driver.

   The Shturm-S ATGW carrier is based on MT-LB multi-purpose armored vehicle. This amphibious vehicle was widely used by the Soviets for a whole host of support roles. Vehicle is powered by a YaMZ-238V diesel engine, developing 240 hp. On water this vehicle is propelled by its tracks. The Shturm-S can also fire missiles while afloat.

   Armor of this vehicle provides protection for the crew against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. It also has NBC protection system. This ATGW carrier has no defensive armament.

   There is a Shturm-V helicopter-launched version of the missile. Also there  and Shturm-LK naval version of the missile, used on patrol woats. Both of these missile systems were developed alongside the Shturm-S.

   Recently more modern anti-tank missile carriers were developed in Russia. These are Khrizantema and Kornet-T. Both of these missiles carriers are based on the BMP-3 IFV chassis. Their missiles have tandem HEAT warheads and penetrate up to 1 200 mm of RHA behind ERA. These latest systems can engage even the most protected main battle tanks. Even though the Shturm-S remains in service with the Russian Army.

 

Variants

 

   9M120 Ataka missile is a further development of the 9M114 Kokon missile. It appeared in 1996. It has a more powerful warhead and a range of 6 000 m. In 2010 appeared a further improved 9M120-1 missile with combined radar and laser guidance. The Ataka missiles can be used by the same launch platforms as the Shturm missiles;

   Shturm-SM, an upgraded version of the Shturm-S. It entered service with the Russian Army in 2014. It fires the new Ataka missiles with a range of 6 000 m. This vehicle has a day/night fighting capability. It can also operate in adverse weather conditions;

   Shturm-SME, export version of the Shturm-SM.

 

Video of the Shturm-S anti-tank missile carrier

 
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