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Shturm

Anti-tank guided missile system

Shturm missile

The Shturm was a rather successful Soviet radio-guided missile

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1976
Missile
Armor penetration 560 - 600 mm
Missile length 1.63 m
Missile diameter 0.13 m
Fin span 0.36 m
Missile weight 31.4 kg
Warhead weight 5.3 kg
Warhead type HEAT
Range of fire 5 km
Guidance Radio-guided

 

   The Shturm (Assault) is a Soviet anti-tank guided missile system. Its development began in 1967. Originally it was intended for use on helicopters, though later it evolved towards a missile, which could be carried by other platforms, including vehicles and even watercraft. Testing of the new missile was completed in 1974 and it was adopted in 1976. Western reporting name of this missile is AT-6 or Spiral. It was exported to a number of countries.

   Launchers with missiles can be mounted on helicopters, vehicles and even watercraft. Missiles of the Shturm can be used to engage enemy tanks, armored vehicles, enemy infantry, buildings, fortifications. The missiles have secondary capability against low-flying and slow moving helicopters. This missile system has no direct counterpart in the West. In terms of role it is closest to the AGM-114 Hellfire, though guidance method of the Shturm is completely different.

   The Shturm system originally used a 9M114 Kokon (Cocoon) (Western designation AT-6A) supersonic radar-guided missiles. Radio link allows the missile to travel faster and further than if it had wire guidance. It uses five frequency bands and two codes to reduce the risk of being jammed. There are two types of warheads. The 9M114M missile has a High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead. It is used against tanks and armored vehicles. It penetrates 560-600 mm of Rolled Homogenous Armor (RHA) equivalency. Missiles have a range of up to 5 000 m. Once the missile is launched gunner has to keep a crosshair on the target. Steering commands are transmitted to the missile via radio link. Though at longer ranges this missile gradually looses accuracy. At a maximum range the missile can reportedly hit a target with a size of 1 m and with a hit probability of 90%. The Sturm can also engage moving targets, that move with a maximum speed of 60-80 km/h.

   Later two improved 9M114M1 (AT-6B) and 9M114M2 (AT-6C) anti-tank missiles with tandem HEAT warheads appeared. The 9M114M1 has a heavier 7.4 kg warhead. It has a range of 6 km and penetrates 600-650 mm of RHA behind explosive reactive armor. The 9M114M2 is even more capable. It has a range of 7 km and penetrates 800 mm of RHA behind explosive reactive armor. Some sources report that by 1994 all missiles were rebuilt to this standard. There is also a 9M114F missile with thermobaric warhead. It is used against entrenched enemy troops, fortifications, buildings, bunkers and soft-skin vehicles.

   Missiles are stored, carried and launched from special fiberglass containers. These missiles have a storage life of 10 years.

 

Variants

 

   Shturm-V is an air-launched version, carried by attack helicopters such as the Mi-24, Mi-28, Ka-29 and Ka-52. Sometimes this missile is equipped on Mi-8 and Mi-17 transport helicopters. The Shturm-V missiles are carried externally on hardpoints. This version has been exported to a number of countries, including Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Indonesia, Iran, and Poland.

   Shturm-S is a land-based version. The system is carried by a modified MT-LB tracked armored carrier. During the Cold War the Shturm-S equipped anti-tank missile carriers were intended to stop advancing enemy armored units.

   Shturm-LK naval version of the missile, used on patrol boats. The launcher has 6 missiles.

   Ataka is a long-range anti-tank guided missile system. It was a follow-on to the Shturm. It is basically similar to the Shturm, but has longer range and is more resistant to electronic countermeasures. The Ataka was adopted in the early 1990s. Its reporting name in the West is AT-9 or Spiral-2. A baseline version has a range of 6 km and penetrates 800 mm of RHA behind explosive reactive armor. There are improved versions of this missile with a range of 8-10 km, that penetrate 950 mm of RHA behind explosive reactive armor. The Ataka can be launched from existing Shturm launch platforms without any modifications.

 

 

Shturm missile

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Shturm missile

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Shturm missile

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Shturm missile

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Shturm missile

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Shturm missile

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