Country of origin
560 - 600 mm
Range of fire
The Shturm (Assault)
is a Soviet anti-tank guided missile system. Its development
began in 1967. Originally it was intended for use on helicopters,
though later it evolved towards a missile, which could be carried by
other platforms, including vehicles and even watercraft. Testing of
the new missile was completed in 1974 and it was adopted in 1976. Western reporting name of
this missile is AT-6 or Spiral. It was exported to a number of
with missiles can be mounted on helicopters, vehicles and even
watercraft. Missiles of the Shturm can be used to engage enemy tanks, armored vehicles,
enemy infantry, buildings, fortifications. The missiles have
secondary capability against low-flying and slow moving helicopters.
This missile system has no direct counterpart in the West. In terms
of role it is closest to the
AGM-114 Hellfire, though guidance method of the Shturm is
system originally used a 9M114 Kokon (Cocoon) (Western designation AT-6A) supersonic
radar-guided missiles. Radio link allows the missile to travel faster and
further than if it had wire guidance. It uses five frequency bands
and two codes to reduce the risk of being jammed. There are two types of
warheads. The 9M114M missile has a High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead. It is used against
tanks and armored vehicles. It penetrates 560-600 mm of Rolled Homogenous Armor
(RHA) equivalency. Missiles have a range of up to 5 000 m. Once the
missile is launched gunner
has to keep a crosshair on the target. Steering commands are
transmitted to the missile via radio link. Though at longer ranges this
missile gradually looses accuracy. At a
maximum range the missile can reportedly hit a target with a size of 1 m²
and with a hit probability of 90%. The Sturm can also engage moving
targets, that move with a maximum speed of 60-80 km/h.
improved 9M114M1 (AT-6B) and 9M114M2 (AT-6C) anti-tank missiles with
tandem HEAT warheads appeared. The 9M114M1 has a heavier 7.4 kg
warhead. It has a range of 6 km and penetrates 600-650 mm of RHA
behind explosive reactive armor. The 9M114M2 is even more capable.
It has a range of 7 km and penetrates 800 mm of RHA behind explosive
reactive armor. Some sources report that by 1994 all missiles
were rebuilt to this standard. There is also a 9M114F missile with thermobaric
warhead. It is used against entrenched enemy troops, fortifications,
buildings, bunkers and soft-skin vehicles.
stored, carried and launched from special fiberglass containers.
These missiles have a storage life of 10 years.
an air-launched version, carried by attack helicopters such as the
Ka-52. Sometimes this missile is equipped on
transport helicopters. The Shturm-V missiles are carried externally
on hardpoints. This version has been
exported to a number of countries, including Czechoslovakia, East
Germany, Indonesia, Iran, and Poland.
Shturm-S is a land-based version. The system is carried by a modified
tracked armored carrier. During the Cold War the Shturm-S equipped
anti-tank missile carriers were intended to stop advancing enemy
Shturm-LK naval version of the missile, used on patrol
boats. The launcher has 6 missiles.
is a long-range anti-tank guided missile system. It was a follow-on
to the Shturm. It is basically similar to the Shturm, but has longer
range and is more resistant to
electronic countermeasures. The Ataka was adopted in the early
1990s. Its reporting name in the West is AT-9 or Spiral-2. A
baseline version has a range of 6 km and penetrates 800 mm of RHA
behind explosive reactive armor. There are improved versions of this
missile with a range of 8-10 km, that penetrate 950 mm of RHA behind
explosive reactive armor. The Ataka can be launched from
existing Shturm launch platforms without any modifications.