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S-400 Triumph

Long-range air defense missile system

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

The S-400 Triumph air defense system has a claimed maximum range of 400 km

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2007
Maximum range 400 km
Maximum altitude 56 km
Number of missiles 4 - 16


   The S-400 Triumph (Western designation SA-21 Growler) air defense missile system is an upgrade of the S-300 family. It evolved from the S-300PMU-2 Favorit. Initially it was referred as S-300-PMU-3. Its development began in the late 1990s. It is believed that funding of the development was partially provided by China. The first tests were performed in 1999. Development was finally completed in 2004. Deployment of this air defense missile system has begun on a small scale in 2007. It will replace the ageing S-200 and S-300 systems with the Russian military. Some sources report that as of 2015 more than 150 launchers were produced. The S-400 is also aimed at the export customers. In 2014 first contract has been sighed to deliver at least six battalions of these air defense systems to China. Deliveries might begin in 2016. Also it has been exported to Algeria.

   The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles. It is claimed that the S-400 is capable of detecting and engaging targets to a range of 400 km, depending on the missile variant used. It is also claimed that this air defense missile system is capable of engaging stealth aircraft.

   The S-400 air defense missile system features new missiles. Four new missile types were added. It can also launch missiles of the S-300PMU2. A single TEL vehicle can carry a mix of four missiles, depending on specific threat environment.

   The first missile added to the system is the 48N6E3. It is improved variant of the 48N6E2 with a maximum range of 230 km. The second missile added is the 40N6. It has a claimed range of 400 km. This missile has active radar homing and is used against AWACS, J-STARS, EA-6B support jammers and other high value targets.

   The third and forth missiles are the 9M96E and 9M96E2 interceptor missiles, designed for direct impact. These are similar to the US Patriot PAC-3 design and are intended to provide point defense against precision attacks and defense suppression weapons.

   The latter version is fitted with a larger booster. A claimed range is 40 and 120 km respectively. The 9M96 missile is 4.75 m long and has a launch weight of 333 kg. Its warhead weights 24 kg. It has internal guidance with command updates and active radar seeker. Its claimed kill probability is 90% against aircraft and 70% against Harpoon class missiles. A single TEL can deploy up to 16 of these missiles.

   Radar and software of the S-400 were further refined. A new acquisition radar is employed.

   The S-400 TEL semitrailer is towed by a BAZ-64022 6x6 tractor truck. Radar of the S-400 Triumph is carried by the MZKT-7930 8x8 truck. Battery acquisition radar is also carried by the same vehicle. Command post is based on the Ural-532301 8x8 truck. Reloading vehicle is based on the Ural-532301 8x8 chassis. The same vehicle can also reload older S-300PMU2 air defense missile systems.

   There is also a mobile version of the S-400. Its TEL was demonstrated on the MZKT-7930 8x8 chassis. This TEL has better cross-country mobility and shorter redeployment time. Its production commenced in 2014. Initially 24 units were ordered. However it seems that mobile TELs of the S-400 are also being produced on the older MAZ-543M 8x8 chassis.




   S-500 long-range air defense and anti-ballistic missile system. Currently it is being developed in Russia. It is described as an upgraded version of the S-400;

   Cheolmae-2, a simplified version of the S-400, under development in South Korea.


Video of the S-400 Triumph air defense missile system


S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler)

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