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RS-28 Sarmat

Intercontinental ballistic missile

RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 Satan 2) ICBM

Once operational, the RS-28 Sarmat will become one of the most powerful ICBM in the world

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service Expected in around 2020
Basing Silo-based
Missile
Missile length 36.3 m
Missile diameter 3 m
Missile weight 210 t
Warhead 10 MIRVs with a blast yield of 750 kT each, or 24 smaller MIRVs
Range of fire ~ 11 000 km
CEP ~ 10 m

 

   The RS-28 Sarmat is a new Russian silo-based Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), that is currently being developed. It was designed as a successor to the R-36M (Western designation SS-18 Satan). The Satan missiles were originally developed and produced in Ukraine. Ukrainians supplied parts and assisted in servicing of these missiles. After the recent annexation of Crimea and military involvement in Ukraine, servicing of these missiles became a problem for the Russians, as their missile design bureaus are not familiar with the R-36M. So Russia went for developing their own improved version of the R-36M. Its development commenced in 2009. The new missile is known in the West as SS-X-30, or Satan 2. The first image of this new missile was declassified in 2016. It was planned that it will be flight tested in 2017. This missile will be deployed in around 2020 and will completely replace in service surviving Satan missiles, that are approaching the end or their service life. Some sources report that so far Russian MoD ordered 50 of these missiles. Once operational the RS-28 Sarmat will become one of the most powerful ICBM in the world.

   Judging by the official image, released in 2016, the RS-28 has many design features of the R-36M and might be actually an evolution of the R-36M, rather than a completely new design. The new missile uses upgraded electronics, guidance systems, countermeasures, and reportedly has more warhead options.

   Most likely that the RS-28 Sarmat will use the same silos as the R-36M. These missile silos are located in dispersed locations across Russia. The silo launcher and command point are hardened against a nuclear explosion.

   This ICBM has two stages. The missile is equipped with liquid rocket engines, using storable propellants. Missile is stored in a tubular storage/launch container. Upon launch the missile is shot out of the container. The main engine is ignited tens of meters above the ground.

   The new RS-28 Sarmat is a very capable ballistic missile because of its high speed and extremely high throw weight. In terms of weight and dimensions it is similar to the R-39M.

   The Sarmat missile has some warhead options. It can carry 10 Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicles (MIRVs) with a blast yield of 0.75 MT each. Alternatively it can carry 16 smaller MIRVs, or up to 24 YU-74 hypersonic boost-glide vehicles. It is the first Russian missile capable of deploying these highly maneuverable vehicles. It can also carry a combination of warheads and countermeasures in order to penetrate hostile air defense systems. Penetration aids of the RS-28 have been improved. So this missile will be hard to intercept. A single RS-28 missile with MIRVs can completely destroy 3 US states, such as Maryland, Vermont and Rhode Island.

   The RS-28 will have a range of at least 11 000 km. It is likely that with reduced payload this missile has even longer range. There was a versions of the R-36M missile with a range of 16 000 km. The RS-28 Sarmat is able to employ multiple trajectories over the North Pole or South Pole, in order to reach targets in the United States.

   Due to upgraded guidance systems this missile is much more accurate that the R-36M. It is estimated to have a 10 m CEP.

 
RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 Satan 2) ICBM

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RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 Satan 2) ICBM

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RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 Satan 2) ICBM

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RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 Satan 2) ICBM

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