Country of origin
Expected in around 2020
10 MIRVs with a blast yield of 750 kT each, or
24 smaller MIRVs
Range of fire
~ 11 000 km
~ 10 m
Sarmat is a new Russian silo-based Intercontinental Ballistic
Missile (ICBM), that is currently being developed. It was designed
as a successor to the R-36M (Western designation SS-18 Satan). The Satan missiles were originally
developed and produced in Ukraine. Ukrainians supplied parts and
assisted in servicing of these missiles.
After the recent annexation of Crimea and military involvement in
Ukraine, servicing of these missiles became a problem for the
Russians, as their missile design bureaus are not familiar with the
R-36M. So Russia went for developing their own improved version of the
development commenced in 2009. The new missile is known in the West
as SS-X-30, or Satan 2. The first image of this new missile was
declassified in 2016. It was planned that it will be flight tested
in 2017. This missile will be
deployed in around 2020 and will completely replace in service
surviving Satan missiles, that are approaching the end or their
service life. Some sources report that so far Russian MoD ordered 50
of these missiles. Once operational the RS-28 Sarmat will become one of
the most powerful ICBM in the world.
the official image, released in 2016, the RS-28 has many design
features of the R-36M and might be actually an evolution of the
R-36M, rather than a completely new design. The new missile uses
upgraded electronics, guidance systems, countermeasures, and
reportedly has more warhead options.
that the RS-28 Sarmat will use the same silos as the R-36M. These
missile silos are located in dispersed locations across Russia. The
silo launcher and command point are hardened against a nuclear
has two stages. The missile is equipped with liquid rocket engines,
using storable propellants. Missile is stored in a tubular
storage/launch container. Upon launch the missile is shot out of the
container. The main engine is ignited tens of meters above the
RS-28 Sarmat is a very capable ballistic missile because of its high
speed and extremely high throw weight. In terms of weight and
dimensions it is similar to the R-39M.
missile has some warhead options. It can carry
10 Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicles (MIRVs) with a
blast yield of 0.75 MT each. Alternatively it can carry 16 smaller
MIRVs, or up to 24 YU-74 hypersonic boost-glide vehicles. It is the
first Russian missile capable of deploying these highly maneuverable
vehicles. It can also carry a combination of warheads and
countermeasures in order to penetrate hostile air defense systems.
Penetration aids of the RS-28 have been improved. So this missile will be hard to intercept. A single RS-28
missile with MIRVs can completely destroy 3 US states, such as
Maryland, Vermont and Rhode Island.
will have a range of at least 11 000 km. It is likely that with
reduced payload this missile has even longer range. There was a
versions of the R-36M missile with a range of 16 000 km. The RS-28 Sarmat is able to employ multiple trajectories over the North Pole
or South Pole, in order to reach targets in the United States.
upgraded guidance systems this missile is much more accurate that
the R-36M. It is estimated to have a 10 m CEP.