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Qadr

Medium-range ballistic missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile

The Iranian Qadr is based on Shahab 3 and can reach targets in Israel

 
 
Qadr 1
Entered service 2007
Basing Road mobile and silo based
Missile
Missile length 15.86 m
Missile diameter 1.25 m
Missile launch weight 17 000 kg
Warhead weight 700 ~ 1 000 kg
Warhead type High explosive, cluster, and possibly nuclear
Range of fire 1 950 km
CEP ~ 250 m
Mobility
Engine diesel
Maximum road speed ~ 60 km/h
Range ~ 1 000 km/h

 

   Qadr (sometimes referred as the Ghadr) is the most advanced Iranian liquid-propellant medium range ballistic missile which has more than 2 000 km range, about 100 m CEP and carries a single 700 - 1 000 kg warhead. First operational test was made in 2006. It was publicly showed in September 2007. Production began in 2008

   In the early 1990s, Iran had Shahab 1 and Shahab 2 missiles which had a range of 350 to 500 km. It was enough to hit the targets around the Iranian borders, but it was not enough to reach remote threats, especially targets in Israel. So Iran started planning to build a new missile with a range of more than 1 000 km range.

   At the same time North Korea had started building a new missile with a longer range and bigger size than other missiles, but they had some technical and financial problems to reach their goal. Iran cooperated with the North Korea to build its first MRBM and buy the needed technologies from that country. For the new missile, the North Korea had chosen a Scud-type platform, fitted with new engine and guidance systems.

   The North Korea fielded this missile in 1993. It is called the No Dong. Then Iran obtained some No Dongs (about 10 units) and missile parts to build and test their own missile which they called Shahab 3.

   Tests of the Shahab 3 started in 1998. Some other missiles were built between 1998-2001 and tested. Most of the test were successful. So Iran began production of the Shahabs.

   Early models are 15.6 m long, have a diameter of 1.38 m, 1 000 kg warhead payload, range of 1 300 km, and a CEP of 1 000 m. Fuel was made of 27% N2O4 and 73% HNO3 with iodium inhibitor
nitrogen tetroxide and nitric acid.

   At the same time Iran obtained Chinese missile technology which included a large pack of cruise, ballistic and surface-to-air missiles with associated systems. They started to upgrade their own Shahab missiles with new generation systems.

   First the Shahabs were improved to new versions by fitting new guidance systems to maximize the missiles abilities, especially accuracy. CEP of the upgraded missiles thanks to the new guidance with GPS and/or GLONASS navigation systems. Also new versions of the Shahab missiles were faster and were fitted with a separating re-entry vehicle. Length and diameter of the missiles remained the same, but the speed and accuracy improved. The CEP minimized to 250 m and speed increased to up to Mach 7.

   In 2004 Iran started its own programs to further improve missile range and capabilities. As a result the Qadr missile family was developed.

   The Qadr is based on the Shahab 3. Both of them were designed by Iranian missile facilities. Engine of the Qadr is an upgraded version of the Shahab 3 engine, that has more thrust and consumes less fuel. Guidance systems were also updated. All of these factors increased the flight altitude, accuracy and range of the missile.

   First the new missile was named the Qadr 1. All of Qadr class missiles had a Shahab class shapes, four fins at the end of the missile and a new conical shape top with re-entry vehicle, which is upgraded in new versions, and it is a little (about 50 cm) longer.

   The length is about 15.86 m, diameter is 1.25 m, weight 17 000 kg. Versions of the Qadr are carrying high explosive and cluster warheads and its believed that are capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

   First operational test of the Qadr was preformed in February 2008. Some Israeli sources claimed that the first test of this medium range ballistic missile was made during a military exercise in 2006. Production of the first version commenced in 2008 and other versions followed in 2014. Now the Qadr missiles replaced in production lines the Shahabs.

   All of Qadr class missiles use the same launch platform. It is based on a semitrailer and is towed by a Mercedes Benz truck. Mobile TEL platforms are harder to detect and hit. The launch vehicle has an unrefueled range of about 500 km and a road speed of 60 km/h. Missile bases include underground and silo base launch sites. Also old HQ2 surface-to-air missile sites had been converted to surface launch sites, for Qadr class ballistic missiles.

 

Variants

 

   Qadr F: based on Shahab 3 and has new re-entry vehicle, engine, fuel and guidance systems with 1 660 km (later more than 1 940 km) range, more than 200 km maximum flight altitude, about 100 m CEP and speed of around Mach 10.

   Qadr H: improved version of Qadr F with 2 000 km (now 2 000+ km) range and new multiple re-entry vehicle. This missile flies in higher altitudes (apogee about 500 km) and has a speed of around Mach 14.

   Qadr S: improved version with a cluster warhead.

   EMAD: improved version of Qadr missile with new 3rd generation re-entry vehicle. It can be guided and controlled until hitting the target, which maximized the missile accuracy. When tested in October 2015 this missile hit just a little far from the target. This test showed high accuracy of re-entry vehicle which can be around 50 meters. Other versions of the Quadr can be upgraded to this version.

 

Enshan Ostadrahimi

   Article by EHSAN OSTADRAHIMI

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Qadr (Ghadr) missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile


 
Qadr (Ghadr) missile

Qadr (Ghadr) missile

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