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Pereh

Anti-tank missile carrier

Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

The Pereh is one of the most mysterious Israel's military vehicles

 
 
Entered service 1985
Crew 3 ~ 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 50 t
Length ~ 9.4 m
Hull length ~ 7 m
Width ~ 3.6 m
Height ~ 3 m
Missile
Missile length ?
Missile diameter ?
Missile weight 70 kg
Warhead weight ?
Warhead type Tandem HEAT
Range of fire 25 km
Guidance system Electro-optical
Penetration ?
Number of missiles carried 12
Mobility
Engine AVDS-1790-2D diesel (?)
Engine power 750 hp (?)
Maximum road speed ~ 50 km/h
Range ~ 480 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 1.2 m
Trench ~ 2.7 m
Fording ~ 1.3 m

 

   The Pereh (wildman or wild donkey) is a very unusual military machine. This vehicle is fitted with long-range anti-tank guided missiles. It was developed in Israel in the early 1980s as a force multiplier for units operating main battle tanks. It was adopted by Israeli Defense Forces in 1985. Its main role is to engage enemy tanks with long-range guided missiles. The Pereh can engage advancing enemy tanks at extremely long range even before they encounter Israeli tanks.

   For three decades information on this anti-tank missile carrier was kept in high secrecy. First pictures of this vehicle leaked only in 2013. Information on the Pereh was declassified only in 2015. However it is still unknown how many of these anti-tank vehicles were built.

   Essentially it is a anti-tank missile carrier, converted from Magach 5 (M48A5) main battle tank. In the early 1980s Israel operated a large number of these tanks. Front arc of the hull was fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor.

   The Pereh has a new turret, housing anti-tank missile launcher and other associated targeting systems. Externally it resembles a typical Israeli tank turret and even has a fake gun. Operators are located in the forward part of the turret, while the rear part is used for missiles and other systems. The Pereh carries a total of 12 anti-tank missiles. Rear panel of the turret can be dropped down in order to access the missiles. Missiles are reloaded manually by the crew. Empty containers can be replaced with a loaded ones.

   This anti-tank missile carrier was deliberately made to resemble a typical Israeli main battle tank in order to conceal its true role. It improves survivability on the battlefield, as such vehicle would immediately become a priority target for enemy forces. Also its resemblance to a typical main battle tank allowed Israeli Defense Forces to keep this vehicle in high secrecy for nearly 30 years.

   This anti-tank missile carrier fires Rafael Spike NLOS (Non-Line Of Sight) long-range anti-tank guided missiles. Development project of this missile was codenamed Tamuz. It was adopted by Israeli Defense Forces in 1981. However it was revealed to the public only in 2011. This missile is intended to engage enemy armored vehicles and fortifications at extremely long range. This missile has a range of up to 25 km. Some sources report that early versions of this missile had a range of 8 km. It is worth noting that typical American, Chinese or Russian anti-tank missile carriers can engage targets at a range of only 4 to 6 km.

   A single Spike NLOS missile weights around 70 kg. It has a tandem HEAT type warhead. However also there are versions of this missile with fragmentation warheads for use against infantry. It is a fire-and-forget type missile with electro-optical guidance. It can engage targets that are not in the line of sight. During flight the missile guides automatically. The Spike NLOS has pinpoint accuracy even at long ranges.

   Before firing a pack with rockets, as well as mast with optical systems, are raised above the turret. At a range of several kilometers operator uses optical systems of the vehicle to detect and track enemy armor. At long range missiles has external laser beam guidance. So at extremely long ranges soldiers at the frontline have to illuminate enemy tanks.

   The Pereh has the longest engagement range in this class of military machines. Also it is one of the most protected, if not the most protected, anti-tank missile carriers, ever developed.

   Secondary armament consists of two externally-mounted 7.62-mm machine guns. These are used for self-defense.

   The Magach 5 was powered by General Dynamics AVDS-1790-2D diesel engine, developing 750 hp. It is likely that the Pereh uses the same engine.

 
Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

Pereh anti-tank missile carrier


 
Pereh anti-tank missile carrier

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