Range of fire
(Hindi for "Cobra") is an Indian indigenously developed anti-tank
missile. It was developed by DRDO - India’s premier defence agency. This missiles enables the
Indian Armed Forces to destroy tanks up to the distance of 4 km. The
Nag is comparable to the
Javelin, Spike or PARS 3LR.
was developed under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) which was first initiated in
1982 by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Under this program various missiles
were developed which includes – Agni, Akash, Nag,
Prithvi and Trishul. The program was approved by the Prime Minister
and her Scientific Team in 1980 and Dr. APJ Abdul
Kalam was inducted to lead the program.
The Nag is a 3rd
generation fire-and-forget type missile. It has an 8 kg tandem HEAT
warhead. The Nag is a top attack missile. During flight it when
approaching the target it flies upwards and then suddenly dives
towards the target.
This method of attack is very suitable to destroy tanks, because
most of them have only a minimum level of armor protection in the
upper part of the turret. The Nag can penetrate the latest generation armor, like explosive
reactive armor and composite armor.
guidance the Nag uses imagining infrared passive seeker system which
is difficult to jam. The guidance system is also equipped with a CCD
camera. Before the launch missile locks on the infrared image of the
target. In flight it automatically guides itself onto the target.
Hit probability with a single missile is 77%.
The body of the missile is fully
made of fiberglass structure. The rocket motor of the missile
uses nitramene-based double base sustainer propellant which is smokeless and
makes hard to trace the shooter. Missile has a flight
speed of 230 m/s.
The Nag is
used by the missile carrier known as the NAMICA. There is also a helicopter based version known as HELINA (HELIcopter
NAg). The NAMICA version uses a 'lock on before launch' system which means
missile locks on to a target and is then launched. However the HELINA
version uses 'lock on after launch' system so the range of the
missile is extended to 7 km. The HELINA variant of this
missile is on the verge of completing its trail. The HELINA missile was test fired in July 2015 near Jaisalmer, India.
hit 2 out of 3 targets.
launched version of the Nag with a range of 10 km is planned. It
will be carried by attack aircraft, such as the
Jaguar. Also the DRDO plans to begin development of a
man-portable version soon.
Indian Army has ordered 443 Nag missiles and 13 NAMICAs for
delivery within the next 3
years at a cost of $50 Million. Indian Army has a requirement for
7 000 Nag missiles and 200 NAMICA missile carriers. Once in service
the Nag will replace the ageing
NAg) air launched version of the Nag. It has a maximum range of 7-8 km.
It is planned for integration with
Dhruv Advanced Light
Helicopter (ALH) and
Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) with 2 launchers
and each able to carry 4 missiles mounted either side.
Article by RAHUL SINGH DHARI
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