Country of origin
India / Israel
Expected in 2017
Number of missiles
Fragmentation with proximity fuse
Range of fire
more than 70 km
Altitude of fire
The Medium-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (or MR-SAM) project was introduced when Indian Air
Force decided to replace the ageing Russian-made air defense systems.
The MR-SAM air defense system was jointly developed by Israel
Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Indian Defense Research and
Development Organization (DRDO) for the Indian Air force and Indian
Army. This joint development program was constituted between India
and Israel in 2007. The contract
for this missile system project was signed in February
The IAI cooperated with ELTA and RAFAEL from Israel and worked
with Indian companies, such as TATA, Bharat Electronics, Larsen &
Turbo, Bharat Dynamics and many private vendors.
The project promises to
deliver 18 launchers and over 450 MR-SAMs. Initially the delivery
time was planned for 2013-14 but the project got delayed because of
technical issues in the initial test of the prototype. Now it is expected
that the first system will be delivered in 2017.
In 2015 the DRDO successfully flight-tested MR-SAM systems at the
The missile flight tests met all the mission
In 2016 the
Indian DRDO unveiled the launcher unit for of the MR-SAM missile
system, that was developed and manufactured for the Indian Air Force
The MR-SAM system
was designed to intercept enemy aircraft, missiles, helicopters and
drones at a range of up more than 70 km. It uses Barak 8 missiles.
A mobile launch system was completely designed in India by
DRDO. The trailer-based launcher is towed by a prime mover. Also it
can be transported by rail, or airlifted by cargo aircraft.
The missiles are fired vertically from the
canister-launchers and provide 360 degree coverage. The vertical launch systems holds
2 stacks of 4
ready-to-fire missiles. To protect the launcher unit the DRDO
developed a unique flame deflector that directs
the rocket backblast and flames away from the trailer. This heat
deflector can endure at least 60 launches. All 8 missiles can be
fired within 20 seconds. Stacks with missiles are reloaded by a
dedicated reloading vehicle for rapid replenishment.
The Barak 8 missile has a length of about 4.5 meters, a
diameter of 0.54 meters, a wingspan of 0.94 meters and weighs 275 kg
including a 60 kg warhead This missile has a speed of Mach 2 and can
hit any aerial targets at range of more than 70 km.
Some sources report that these missiles might have a range of up 90
km and even
tracking will be performed by a ground-based version of the MF-STAR
as the EL/M-2084. It can detect air targets at a range of up to 470 km.
launcher units will comprise a battery. These will be supported by a
control and management unit, radar unit, associated reloading
vehicles and maintenance vehicles. The launcher unit has a 13 m mast
for communication between control and management unit, which can be as far as
LR-SAM is a
naval version which also uses Barak 8 missiles. This project was
sanctioned in 2005. It was tested for the first time in 2014. This system is
believed to have a greater range, in excess of 100 km. This system
is fitted on three
Kolkata class destroyers. It is planned that in the neat future
the LR-SAM will be fitted on the Indian Navy ships, that a currently
under construction, including
aircraft carrier, Vishakapatnaam class destroyers, project 17A
frigates and some other warships. Israeli Navy also operates a
similar system on their vessels. Israel was refittinf its Sa'ar
5-class corvettes to carry these missiles. The INS Lahav was the
first vessel to be fitted with this system. After modernization all
Sa'ar 5-class corvettes will be armed with Barak 8 missiles.
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