Country of origin
Number of missiles
Range of fire
4 - 70 km
Altitude of fire
Dome is an Israeli missile defense system, developed by Rafael.
The program was started in 2005 and development began in 2007. The Iron Dome was designed to provide
coverage for cities against enemy
short-range ballistic missiles, artillery rockets and 155-mm artillery shells. This missile
defense system was first deployed in 2011. Since then it proved
itself well and saved many lives. A number of countries from around the world expressed
their interest in purchasing this missile defense system from Israel.
In 2021 Israel has agreed to let the United States deploy the
batteries of Iron Dome missile defense systems in military bases in
the Persian Gulf, Europe and Asia.
Dome is intended to intercept ballistic missiles, such as the
artillery rockets and artillery shells fired from distances of 4 to
officials estimated that effectiveness of the Iron Dome is 75 to
95%. It is claimed that it is more efficient than other missile
defense systems, especially in comparison to earlier systems, such
Patriot. Today the Iron Dome is the most tested missile shield.
It has already intercepted hundreds of missiles and artillery
rockets, launched by Palestinian militants. As of 2015 it totals
around 1 500 successful intercepts. There were very little
Israeli casualties caused due to the failures of this missile
A battery of the Iron
Dome consists of 3 to 4 launchers, radar, and battle management and
missiles control unit. Components including the launcher and battle
management shelter are based on flatracks. These are transported by
heavy military trucks, fitted with palletized loading systems. Radar
is also carried on a flatbed truck and can be dismounted prior to
operation. So all components can be picked-up, transported and
unloaded in a different site by heavy military trucks. It seems that
all components of the Iron Dome system can be used while
still on the trucks. It has been reported that each battery is
capable of protecting an area of approximately 150 square kilometers
(approximately 12x12 km).
Each launcher of the Iron
Dome is fitted with up to 20 Tamir interceptor missiles. The Tamir missile is 3 m
long and weights 90 kg. It is equipped with electro-optical sensors
and has steering fins. Its warhead has a proximity fuse. The
launcher unit is deployed and operated remotely via a secure
Reload missiles are
carried by another military truck, fitted with a crane.
Radar of the
Iron Dome detects targets and monitors their trajectory. It is
deployed and operated remotely via a secure wireless connection. This
missile defense system also acquires preliminary information from
other Israeli radars.
management unit calculates intercept points of incoming threats and
initiates missile launch. It is the only component of the Iron Dome
battery, that is actually manned.
Dome can protect the cities and important targets against massive
missile and rocket attacks or artillery barrages. The system can simultaneously track
hundreds of incoming threats and engage them. The system has a
discrimination capability. It ignores the missiles and rockets, that
do not pose any threat, and fires only at those, that would have
landed on populated areas.
can operate day and night and in adverse weather conditions.
As of 2014 price for an
interception was $20 000. The price for the whole battery is $50
Rafael unveiled a naval version of the Iron Dome, called the C-Dome.
It is designed to protect warships from missiles and saturated
attacks. It includes a launcher box with 10 Tamir interceptor
Currently Israel develops a layered air defense system.
It will include Iron Dome, Arrow 2, Arrow 3, Iron Beam and David's Sling air defense
and anti-ballistic missile systems.