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HQ-17

Short-range air defense missile system

HQ-17 air defense missile system

The HQ-17 is a reverse-engineered and improved Chinese version of the Russian Tor M1

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 2014 (?)
Crew 3
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 32 t
Length ~ 8 m
Width ~ 3.2 m
Height (in combat order) ~ 4 m
Missile
Missile length ~ 2.9 m
Missile diameter ~ 0.23 m
Missile weight ~ 165 kg
Warhead weight ~ 15 kg
Warhead type HE-FRAG
Range of fire 5 ~ 12 km
Altitude of fire 4 ~ 6 km
Number of missiles 8
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power 750 ~ 800 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 65 km/h
Range ~ 600 km/h
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2 m
Fording 1 m

 

   The HQ-17 air defense system is a China's copy of the Russian Tor M1. China imported a total of 35 Tor M1 systems from Russia. In 1997 China ordered a first batch of 15 Tor M1 systems from Russia. Deliveries commenced during the same year. Another 20 units were ordered in 1999. These were delivered by 2001. In around the year 2000 China offered to co-produce this air defense system locally. However Russia reportedly refused. Eventually China reverse-engineered the Tor M1 and developed its indigenous version - the HQ-17. It featured some improvements, including a modern radar. Also there were speculations that Russia covertly transferred Tor's production technology to China. This improved indigenous version was first publicly revealed in 2014. Interestingly China reverse-engineered most of the Soviet and Russian air defense missile systems including the S-300 (HQ-9) S-400 (HQ-22), Buk (HQ-16) and other ground-based and naval systems. The HQ-17 is currently used by the China's military. Furthermore improved Chinese versions of this system continue to emerge. Some of them are being proposed for export customers.

   The HQ-17 air defense system can engage all kinds of modern air targets, including aircraft, helicopter, UAVs, cruise missiles and precision guided munitions. It can also engage anti-radiation missiles. Basically it is intended to destroy targets that long- and medium- range air defense systems failed to hit. The HQ-17 was mainly designed to protect mechanized formations.

   The HQ-17 combat vehicle integrates launchers with missiles and radar on a single chassis. This TELAR vehicle carries 8 missiles. Missiles are launched vertically and have radio command guidance.

   The HQ-17 has a kill probability with a single missile against aircraft of 45-80%, depending on the altitude. The higher the target, more chances that it will be hit.

   The Russian Tor detects targets at a range of up to around 30 km and has a tracking range of around 20 km. The HQ-17 air defense system could have improved specifications. It uses an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, which is similar to that of the HQ-7B system. It can detect up to 48 targets and track up to 24 targets simultaneously. Its maximum detection range is 25 km and maximum tracking range is 20 km. The HQ-17 combat vehicle can search for targets while on the move. However it can launch missiles only when the vehicle is stationary or from short stops. The HQ-17 has a brief reaction time. It takes only 8-12 seconds from target detection to launch. The TELAR vehicle can stop and launch its missiles within 3 minutes from traveling.

   The TELAR vehicle has a crew of three, including commander, operator and driver. All systems are highly automated leaving the crew little to do.

   The TELAR vehicle is based on a special tracked chassis. It is modeled after the Russian GM 5955 chassis of the Tor M1, but is slightly different. This chassis is powered by a diesel engine and has a hydropneumatic suspension with adjustable ground clearance. As a result it has good cross-country mobility.  There is an auxiliary power unit, which powers all systems when the main engine is turned off.

   Each TELARs is supported by an associated reloading vehicle which is fitted with a crane and carries reload missiles. Also there are additional cargo vehicles that carry spare missiles. These are based on 6x6 military trucks. Initial imported Russian Tor M1 systems were supported by reloading vehicles and cargo trucks, based on Russian Ural-4320 6x6 heavy military trucks. It takes around 18 minutes to reload the TELAR.

   The HQ-17 TELAR vehicles operate in batteries. A battery consists of 4 TELAR vehicles. Also there are reloading vehicles, trucks carrying reload missiles and other support vehicles. The battery is also supported by a mobile command post, based on a tracked armored personnel carrier chassis. Usually a battery of the HQ-17 operates independently. Though this system can also use targeting data from other surveillance radars.

 

Variants

 

   HQ-17A is a new version based on a 6x6 high mobility wheeled chassis. Pre-production version of the HQ-17A, was first publicly revealed in 2018 in the form of FM-2000 air defense missile system, offered for export. Operational HQ-17A systems were first publicly revealed in 2019 during a military parade. In terms of capabilities it is broadly similar to the Russian Tor M2 system. Some components of the HQ-17A, such as the radar, might be actually more advanced than those used on the Russian systems.

 

 
HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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HQ-17 air defense missile system

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