1 300 kg
Number of targets engaged simultaneously
The Hong Qi
9 or HQ-9 is a Chinese air defense missile system. It is broadly
equivalent to the Russian S-300. Some
sources report that the HQ-9 was developed with Russian assistance
and benefits from Russian technology transfers. It has been report
that it was adopted by the Chinese armed forces in 1997. Its export version, the
FD-2000, has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Pakistan
and Turkey are negotiating with China to purchase this air defense
The HQ-9 can
intercept various aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, cruise missiles,
air-to-ground missiles, guided bombs and theater ballistic
missiles at medium- to long ranges.
surface-to-air missile system was
developed much later than the Russian S-300 and incorporates
advancements in the electronics. Notably it employs
newer computing technology.
uses two-stage missiles with thrust vector control. Missiles have a range of
125 km against aircraft and 15-25 km against cruise and ballistic
missiles. Missiles can reach aircraft at an altitude of 27 km and
cruise and ballistic missiles at an altitude of 15-25 km. The
missile has inertial guidance with mid-course update and terminal
active radar homing. This air
defense system can perform air defense engagement in a massive air
raid under intense electronic jamming.
launcher is based on
Taian TA5380 8x8 high mobility chassis. Each launcher has 4 missiles in
individual containers. Missiles are launcher vertically.
A battery of
HQ-9 consists of 8 TEL vehicles with missiles, mobile engagement radar
based on Taian TA5570 10x10 chassis, engagement radar based on a
North-Benz ND1260 series truck chassis, command and control vehicle,
reloading vehicles and various support vehicles. The basic formation
can be expanded into a larger formation. The HQ-9 battery can employ
a wide range of radars, both search, surveillance, acquisition,
tracking and fire control.
HQ-9A is an
improved version. It was first tested in 1999 and was adopted in
improved version with longer range and extra seeker. It was
reportedly tested in 2006. The missile has a dual seeker with
semi-active radar homing and infrared homing modes;
improved version that is currently under development. The missile
incorporates active radar homing mode;
HQ-19 a much
upgraded version of the HQ-9. It is Chinese equivalent to the US
It was specially developed to engage ballistic missiles and
satellites on lower Earth orbit. The missile is armed with kinetic
export version of the HQ-9. It is an anti-radiation missile system,
intended to intercept jamming planes and air radiation sources.
Missiles have passive homing. This system can engage targets at a
range of up to 100 km and can reach targets at altitude of up to 20
km. The FT-2000 operates in conjunction with passive surveillance
(Fang Dun 2000) export version of HQ-9. It is a long-range air defense missile
system. It was first publicly revealed in 2012. This system has an
extra anti-stealth capability. The FD-2000 has been exported to
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan;
version of the HQ-9. It appears to be identical to the land-based
variant. It is used on modern Chinese guided-missiles destroyers.
These missiles are launched from vertical tubes;
version of the HQ-9A.