Maximum range of fire
Maximum altitude of fire
Number of targets engaged simultaneously
The Hong Qi
16 (Red Flag 16) or HQ-16 is a Chinese medium-range air defense missile system.
Its development commenced in 2005. It
is based on the Soviet Shtil naval air defense system, which in turn
is a version of the
China obtained the Russian Shtil air defense systems from Russia for
use on their
Sovremenny class and Type 052B class destroyers. Development of
the Chinese missile was reportedly assisted by the Russian
Almaz-Antey company. The HQ-16 can be seen as a Chinese improved equivalent of the Buk.
The HQ-16 reached operational capability with the Chinese armed
forces in 2011.
Currently the HQ-16 is being widely used in China. Export version of
this air defense system has been exported to Pakistan.
HQ-16 uses Buk technology, it has some significant differences.
Launchers of the Chinese SAM system are based on 6x6 high mobility
truck rather than a tracked chassis. However radar is carried by
another truck. Missiles are store in containers and are launched
armed forces the HQ-16 fits the gap between the short-range
and medium- to long rande
This air defense system is mainly used to protect stationary assets
such as airfields, command posts, concentration of troops, bridges,
and other important targets.
Missile of the HQ-16 evolved from the Soviet 9M38 missile, used by
the Buk. However the Chinese missile is more capable than its
The HQ-16 has a maximum range against aircraft of 40 km. It can
engage cruise missiles at a range of 3.5 to 18 km. This air defense
system can engage very low flying and high altitude targets. It can
reach targets at an altitude of up to 18 km. Claimed hit probability
of an aircraft with a single missile is 85%. Hit probability of a
cruise missile is 60%.
launcher is based on
Taian TA5350 6x6 special wheeled chassis. The TEL
carries 6 containers with missiles. Missiles are launcher
vertically. Two missiles can be launched within a short period of
A battery of
the HQ-16 consists of four launcher vehicles, command post, two
radar vehicles, missile transport and reloading vehicles, power
supply vehicles and so on. Most of them are based on the same 6x6
high mobility chassis.
detects enemy aircraft at a range of 140 km and altitude of 20 km.
The radar can detect up to 144 and track up to 48 targets
Sea 16) is a naval version of the HQ-16.
HQ-16A is an
improved version that uses improved missile with slightly better
LY-80 is an
export version of the HQ-16A. It incorporates cold vertical launch
method. It was first presented and is being proposed since 2011. In
2013-2015 Pakistan ordered a number of LY-80 missile systems. It
looks like deliveries commenced in 2017.
HQ-16B is a
further improved version with extended range. Its missile has
improved rocket motor and revised wings. Missiles range increased
from 40 km to 70 km. This system was revealed in 2016.