Country of origin
France / Germany
The HOT (Haut subsonique Optiquement Teleguide Tire d’un Tube, or
French for high subsonic optical remote-guided tube-launched) is a
versatile and powerful anti-tank missile. To date over 85 000 have
been produced. Other more modern missiles, such as the Spike and
Hellfire, are gradually replacing it. The HOT was developed by the
French/German Euromissile corporation (now part of EADS) during the
1970s to replace the ageing SS.11 missile.
The HOT is a tube-launched missile used against tanks. It can
be fired from vehicles, helicopters, or portable ground launchers.
This missile is wire-guided and accurate. Compared to its
contemporaries, like the Soviet
reporting name AT-5 Spandrel), the HOT’s shaped High Explosive Anti-Tank
(HEAT) charge has excellent penetration—about 850 millimeters of
The HOT has a maximum range of 4 000 meters. Minimum
range is 75 meters. It travels toward its targets at a speed of 240
Despite its numerous advantages, the HOT can only be used on
vehicles and helicopters, and it has a sluggishly slow speed
compared to weapons like the
The HOT has a number of specialized vehicle launchers. The
UTM-800 is a low profile turret fitting two missiles. The K3S is an
automated launcher with 20 HOT missiles. The K3S was used on German Jaguar
anti-tank vehicles. The ATLAS is a limited production launcher
that fires only one missile. Used on the
VAB and possibly the
Piranha IFV, the Mephisto is an automated turret with four HOT
missiles. The Lancelot is a quadruple missile turret featured on the
The HOT is a combat tested weapon. It has served in the
Iran-Iraq War, Lebanon, and the Gulf War.
The HOT is currently used by at least 10 countries. It has
served with a variety of platforms including the
V-200, and Dauphin.
In the helicopter role, the
AGM-114 Hellfire is replacing it.
HOT or HOT-1: the original model. Introduced in 1978, it can
penetrate a maximum of 850 millimeters of armor.
HOT-2: introduced in 1985. The HOT-2 is an improved version
of the original HOT, with a larger warhead and lighter body. The
HOT-2 has the same range of 4 kilometers, but can penetrate up to
1 250 millimeters of Rolled Homogeneous Armor (RHA).
HOT-2MP: introduced in 1986. This variant features a
fragmentation warhead with 1 000 steel balls in it. This weapon is
highly useful against reinforced structures, infantry, and light
vehicles. Penetration is about 350 mm of RHA. The HOT-2MP is not useful
against tanks due to its low penetration.
HOT-3: sometimes know as the HOT-2T, the HOT-3 was introduced
in 1993. It features a 6.48-kilogram tandem HEAT warhead. The HOT-3
can penetrate 1 250 mm of RHA behind Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA).
The range is also increased to 300 meters. The HOT-3 is nearly
invulnerable to infrared jamming.
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