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HHQ-10

Naval short-range air defense missile system

HHQ-10 missile

The HHQ-10 missile has two guidance systems for maximum accuracy

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 2012 ~ 2013
Missile
Missile length 2 m
Missile diameter 120 mm
Fin span ?
Missile weight ~ 20 kg
Warhead weight 3 kg
Warhead type HE-FRAG
Range of fire 9 km
Altitude of fire ~ 6 km

 

   The Hai Hong Qi-10 (Naval Red Flag-10), or HHQ-10 for short, is a Chinese naval SAM system. It is similar in design to the US-made RIM-116 RAM system. The launcher is also similar to that of the RAM, with a rectangular launcher sporting 24 sealed launch tubes. It rotates through 360 degrees, and the oscillating design allows for very high elevation and depression. This China's short-range air defense system was first publicly revealed in 2008. It looks like the system was first fielded in 2012 or 2013.

   The HHQ-10 is an unusual missile similar in size and proportions to a Man-Portable Air Defense System (MANPADS) design, but with aerial, ground vehicle, and naval applications in mind.

   Developed from the TY-90 air-to-air missile, the HHQ-10 has an enlarged diameter by a third. Though the most important improvement is its guidance system. Each missile has two guidance systems; a passive radar homing system (useful against offending aircraft and missiles that require active radar during the final phase of the attack), and an infrared homing system.

   The missile is 2 m long with a 120 mm diameter, weighs about 20 kg, and carries a 3 kg HE-FRAG warhead with an infrared proximity fuze. Upon launch, the HHQ-10 achieves a flight speed of Mach 2 (2 450 km/h) within seconds, and is usable at ranges as short as only 500 m, with an effective range of 9 km, though it is only effective against supersonic targets at a range of 6 km. Maximum altitude is around 6 km.

   Short-range infrared guided missiles typically have very high Probability of Kill (pK) ratios of up to 30%, though the short reach of the HHQ-10 would allow little time to react to threats, and its small warhead might necessitate multiple successive hits to destroy some targets. However, it can be used to engage most missiles, helicopters, and aircraft alike.

   The HHQ-10 air defense system is present on China's Type 56 class corvettes, Type 052D class destroyers, Lianoning and Type 001A aircraft carriers, and possibly, some other warships. Though different warships use different launchers. There are at least 4 types of launchers, packed with 8-, 15-, 18-, or 24 missiles.

   The HHQ-10 air defense system can operate in fully-automatic mode, without any input from the operator. System's reaction time is around 6-8 seconds.

 

Variants

 

   FL-3000N (Flying Leopard-3000 Naval) is an export version of the China's HHQ-10. It was introduced in 2014. These naval air defense systems are reportedly used by Bangladesh and Nigeria.

 
HHQ-10 missile

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HHQ-10 missile

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HHQ-10 missile

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HHQ-10 missile

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HHQ-10 missile

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