Home > Missiles > Avenger

Avenger

Short-range air defense missile system

Avenger

The Avenger air defense system is armed with 8 Stinger missiles

 
 
Entered service 1990
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 4.3 t
Length 4.95 m
Width 2.49 m
Height 2.64 m
Missile
Missile length 1.52 m
Missile diameter 0.07 m
Missile weight 10.1 kg
Warhead weight 3 kg
Warhead type HE-FRAG
Range of fire 4 - 8 km
Altitude 3.5 - 3.8 km
Guidance Infrared homing
Mobility
Engine Detroit Diesel diesel
Engine power 135 hp
Maximum road speed 100 km/h
Range 480 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.5 m
Trench 0.5 m
Fording 0.75 - 1.5 m

 

   The Avenger is a mobile short-range air defense missile system. It provides mobile protection for ground units against low-flying aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles. It was developed by Boeing Aerospace as a private venture. Development commenced in the early 1980s. It was successfully trialed by the US Army in 1984. First production systems entered service with the US Army in 1990 and replaced the M163 Vulcan and M167 anti-aircraft guns. It was also in adopted by the US Marine Corps. Export operators are Bahrain, Chile, Egypt, Lithuania, Taiwan and United Arab Emirates. A total of 1 800 of these air defense systems were built. Around 950 systems are still operational.

   The Avenger air defense system is based on the M998, M1026 or M1097 weapon carrier. All of these vehicles are members of the HMMWV tactical vehicle family. The Avenger is equipped with a PMS platform (Pedestal Mounted Stinger), which has two quadruple launchers with eight FIM-92 Stinger short-range surface-to-air missiles. Also this system is compatible with all models of the Stinger missile. The Avenger air defense system can operate in day/night and all weather conditions.

   The FIM-92 Stinger is a two-stage solid fuel self-homing missile with infra-red guidance. It is a fire-and-forget type weapon. It has a maximum speed of Mach 2.2 and is fitted with HE-FRAG warhead. Range of fire and altitude depends on the missile model. Maximum range of fire is from 4 to 8 km and maximum altitude is 3.5 to 3.8 km.

   The Avenger can launch its missiles stationary or on the move, with a maximum speed of 35 km/h. This system has a high degree of hip probability with a single missile. During trials the Avenger managed to hit 171 targets out of 178. A full set of 8 reload missiles is carried inside the vehicle. Missiles are reloaded manually within 3 minutes.

   This combat vehicle is also fitted with a 12.7-mm machine gun which is used against air and ground targets. A total of 200 rounds of ammunition are carried.

   The Avenger has a highly automated fire control system. Vehicle is equipped with an optical tracker and forward-looking infra-red system. These are used to acquire targets. A friend-or-foe identification system is also fitted. Alternatively targeting data is provided by forward area air defense radar.

   This air defense system has a crew of two, including driver and operator.

   Vehicle is powered by a Detroit Diesel 6.2-liter diesel engine, developing 135 hp. Engine is coupled with an automatic transmission. The Avenger can be used over all types of roads. All wheel drive, high power-to-weight ratio combining with high ground clearance give it good cross-country mobility. A wide track was designed to drive in tracks left by the main battle tanks. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. Avenger can be airlifted by C-130 Hercules military transport aircraft, or carried underslung by UH-60, CH-46, CH-47 and CH-53 helicopters.

   If necessary the PMS platform can be removed from the vehicle and launch its missiles up to 50 m away from the combat vehicle. Also the PMS platform was proposed to be fitted on other chassis, such as the Bv206, M548 and M113. It can be also used as a stand alone stationary module.

   Some variants of the Avenger were proposed, fitted with Starstreak, Mistral, RBS 70 or Javelin missiles.

   It is worth noting, that the US Army used another mobile air defense system, armed with Stinger missiles. The M6 Linebacker used chassis of the M2 Bradley infantry fighting vehicle and equipped with a quadruple launcher. This air defense system was adopted in 1997. This vehicle was retired in 2006 due to the lack of airborne threat.

 

Avenger

Avenger

Avenger

Avenger

 
Avenger

Avenger

Avenger

Avenger

Avenger


 
Avenger

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Home  Home     Aircraft     Helicopters     Tanks     Armored Vehicles     Artillery     Trucks     Engineering Vehicles     Missiles     Naval Forces     Firearms     |     Contact Us
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ARG 2006 - 2017
www.Military-Today.com Avenger