Country of origin
800 / 950 mm behind ERA
HEAT, fuel-air explosive, expanding rod
Range of fire
up to 10 km
Radio command link
The 9M120 Ataka (Western designation AT-9
Spiral-2) is a long-range
anti-tank guided missile. It was developed in the 1980s in the Soviet
Union as a follow-on to the previous 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) system,
that was introduced in the late 1970s. Soviets needed a new missiles, that
could penetrate contemporary Western main battle tanks with
composite and explosive reactive armor, such as the American
2, and British
Challenger. Launchers with Ataka missiles can be mounted on
helicopters, vehicles and watercraft. It is basically similar to the
previous Shturm, but has longer range. The Ataka missiles are
currently used by the Russian armed forces. These missiles have been
exported to Algeria, Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia. Some
sources report that these missiles have also been exported to Iran
and North Korea.
The Ataka can be fired from existing Shturm launch platforms,
such as a
Shturm-S anti-tank missile carrier, without any
modifications. It is used on attack helicopters, such as the
The baseline Ataka
missile had a maximum range of 6 km. However later improved versions
with a maximum range of 8 and 10 km were developed. This missile is supersonic. It
Semi-Automatic Command to Line of Sight (SACLOS) guidance, and uses
advanced radio command guidance signals. Even though the guidance
principle is the same as on the previous Shturm missile, the system
has been improved and is more resistant to electronic
countermeasures. The gunner has to keep his
sight on the target. However at longer ranges this missile gradually
looses accuracy. The baseline 9M120 missile has a 65-90% chance of
hitting a tank at a range of 4 km.
is stored in a tube, with also acts as its launcher.
following missiles are available:
- 9M120 is a
baseline missile with a tandem HEAT warhead. It is used against
tanks and other armored vehicles. It penetrates 800 mm of armor
- 9M120F with
fuel-air explosive (thermobaric) warhead. It is used against
infantry in buildings, trenches and fortifications. It has a maximum
range of 5.8 km.
(also referred as 9M220)
air-to-air version with expanding
rod warhead. It is used against helicopters. It has a maximum range
of 7 km.
- 9M120M improved version
with longer range and improved HEAT warhead. It has a maximum range
of 8 000 m and penetrates 950 mm of armor behind ERA.
improved version with a maximum range of up to 10 km.
is a Russian
Vikhr anti-tank guided missile. It was developed during
the same timeframe as the Ataka and has the same role. Also it has
comparable performance, even though the Vikhr was developed by
another company and has an unrelated design and different guidance.
This missile can be launched not only by helicopters, but by close
support aircraft as well. Both of these missiles are competing against each other.
is an air-launched ATGW system. It entered service
with the Russian military in the early 1990s. This long-range ATGW
system is carried by attack
Ataka-T is a
vehicle-mounted ATGW system. The first application of this weapon
was a Russian BMPT tank support combat vehicle.
It was fitted with two launchers either side of the turret.