reported defeat by the
Ka-50 Hokum, Mil received an order for a small batch of the
Mi-28 Havoc combat helicopters from the Russian armed forces and
continues to actively market the type. Currently a total of 24
Mi-28N attack helicopters are in service with the Russian Army. Some
sources report that the Mi-28 is also in service with Kenya. In 2013
Iraq ordered 10 of these helicopters, while Algeria 42.
The first of
four prototypes made its maiden flight on 10 November 1982. The
third and fourth prototypes were completed to Mi-28A standard with
uprated engines exhausting via downward-inclined diffusers. The
fourth production-standard prototype also had a moving,
gyro-stabilized, undernose electro-optical sensor turret and
wing-tip pods carrying electronic counter measures and chaff
has a conventional helicopter gunship layout with the pilot in the
rear and gunner in front. It is armed with a 30-mm trainable cannon
housed in a turret under the nose. Twin 150-round ammunition boxes
are co-mounted to traverse, elevate and depress with the gun itself.
A total of 300 rounds are carried. The gun is identical to that of Russian
fighting vehicle and uses the same ammunition.
This gunship can also carry two pods with 80-mm unguided rockets and
16 anti-tank guided missiles.
claimed that this helicopter can not be defeated by a single
short-range anti-aircraft missile. Crew compartment is well armored.
It withstands hits from 12.7-mm armor-piercing rounds and 20-mm HE-FRAG
cockpit is compatible with night vision goggles; the pilot has a
head-up display and one CRT on which TV imaging can be displayed.
The primary sensor package comprises the optical sights and laser
rangefinder in an undernose turret. The crew are protected by
energy-absorbing seats and an emergency escape system allows the
crew to escape safely by parachute. A hatch in the port side, to the
rear of the wing, gives access to the avionics compartment and a
space large enough to accommodate two or three passengers during a
Russian army funding allowed modification of the first Mi-28A
prototype to Mi-28N configuration. This introduced a mast-mounted
MMW Kinzhal V or Arbalet radar, composite rotor blades,
forward-looking infra-red, an electronic flight instrumentation
system cockpit, improved armament options including Igla air-to-air
missiles and uprated TV3-117VK engines. The Mi-28N made its first
flight in April 1997. Production commenced in 2005. Deliveries of
the Mi-28N attack helicopters to the Russian Army began in 2006.
However officially it was accepted to service only in 2013.
Night Hunter is an export version. Iraq ordered 10 of these attack helicopters.
Algeria ordered 42 of these helicopters.
the latest version. Development of this helicopter was started in
2008. It has a lot of differences comparing with the Mi-28N. This
version is fully integrated into the data transfer system by all
channels, including video, target position and other data. Also it
is integrated with UAVs.
Mi-28UB is a
combat trainer helicopter. It is based on the Mi-28N. It can be used
for pilot training, however this helicopter retains full combat
Mil also proposes a variant of the Mi-28 for
support of amphibious naval assaults.