Country of origin
Dimensions and weight
Main rotor diameter
Weight (maximum take off)
Engines and performance
2 x Klimov TV3-117MT turboshafts
2 x 1 874 shp
4.5 - 6 km
Payload capacity (internal)
Payload capacity (external load)
7.62-mm and 12.7-mm trainable machine guns
9M17P Skorpion, 9M114 Shturm and 9M120 Vikhr
anti-tank missiles plus Igla-V air-to-air missiles
pods with 57-mm and 80-mm unguided rockets, 250
kg free-fall bombs
Mi-8 and Mi-17? The Mi-17 is an improved export version of the Mi-8
helicopter, fitted with more powerful engines and with some other
minor improvements. The Mi-17 is basically an export designation.
Russian military also uses the same helicopter, but it is known as the
Mi-8M. Its Western reporting name is Hip-H.
Mi-8 was phenomenally successful. However it had problems flying in mountainous terrain due to lack of
engine power. It was fitted with 1 400-shp engines. An improved
version was fitted with better Klimov
TV3-117MT engines, developing 1 874 shp each, to produce the Mi-17.
As a result the Mi-17 has better high altitude and overall performance. It was
an important feature for some of its export operators, such as
India. New engines dramatically reduced fuel consumption.
Furthermore the Mi-17 it can limp back home with one of the engines
destroyer or damaged. In the event of failure another engine
automatically increases its power to 2 195 shp. This allows to
continue the flight.
The major visible difference of the Mi-17 is a tail rotor. On
the Mi-17 it was repositioned and is located on the left side, while the original Mi-8
a tail rotor is on the right side. The Mi-17 also has several other
minor improvements, such as new rotor hub made of titanium alloy, different electric grid,
and so on.
made its first flight in 1975-1976. Production commenced in 1977.
During the same year a Russian Mi-8MT was introduced. The first
export Mi-17 was delivered in 1981. This transport helicopter widely exported
both for military and civil operators. The Mi-8/Mi-17 is in service
with more than 70 air arms around the world. It is one of the most
prolific utility helicopters ever built. The Mi-8MT and Mi-8MTV
continue to form the backbone of the Russian army aviation's combat
transport force. The Mi-17 is combat proven, rugged and dependable.
helicopter has a crew of 3, including pilot, co-pilot and flight
engineer. The Mi-14 can carry 24 passengers and even small vehicles.
It has a 4 000 kg internal payload capacity. Alternatively it can
carry underslung loads weighting up to
3 000 kg. The older versions of the
Mi-17 have two clamshell rear doors, however newer versions have a
can be armed with window-mounted 7.62-mm and 12.7-mm trainable machine guns.
There are dedicated armed versions of this helicopter, that can
carry up to 1 500 kg of weapons externally. These include various anti-tank or air-to-air missiles, bombs, as well as
pods with 57-mm and 80-mm unguided rockets, or even a nose-mounted 20-mm
version have a night attack capability. These are equipped with an
night vision goggles-compatible cockpit, forward-looking infra-red
and laser rangefinder. In the
Russian service these helicopters are often fitted with extra
cockpit armor, IR jammers and chaff/flare dispensers.
numerous modifications of this helicopter, that fulfill a wide
variety of specialized roles.
(Russian military designation Mi-8MT) is a baseline transport
version, without armament.
version was fitted with new avionics, including Inertial Navigation
Unit and GPS.
an armed version, developed in 1995. It has braced pylons and can carry various
anti-tank or air-to-air missiles, as well as pods with unoperated
rockets. From 1996 this helicopter is fitted with a rear loading
ramp. Eventually the Mi-17 evolved into Mi-17V-5.
version was capable of night operation. It is fitted with alow-light
TV, FLIR and some other systems in order to operate at night.
passenger transport helicopter.
electronic warfare version. It is an export version of the Mi-8MTG.
This helicopter was fitted with single H/I-band jamming system.
another electronic warfare version. It is an export version of the
Mi-8MTI. This helicopter was fitted with a single D-band jamming
yet another electronic warfare helicopter. It is an export version
of the Mi-8MTPB. It is fitted with Bizon jamming system.
Mi-17S is a
Mi-17TB is a
assault transport version. It has braced pylons and can carry
various anti-tank or air-to-air missiles, as well as pods with unoperated rockets.
an export version of the Russian Mi-8MTV-3. It has four hardpoints
instead of six. However the number of possible external stores
actually increased from 8 to 24.
an export version of the Russian Mi-8MTV-5. It has a loading ramp
instead of the clam-shell doors. It can be identified by a "dolphin
nose". This helicopter has internal payload capacity of 4 000 kg.
First Mi-8MTV-5 helicopters were delivered to the Russian armed
forces in 2012. This variant is designated CH-178 by the Canadian
fitted with VK-2500 engines and has clam shell doors.
is a Czechoslovakian electronic warfare version. It also had a
communications intelligence and jamming capability.
Mi-18 is a
prototype with a fuselage extended by 0.9 m. Also it had retractable
landing gear. Two helicopters were built to this standard. These
were used during the Soviet War in Afghanistan. Later both airframes
were used for static pilot training.
airborne command post version for tank and motorized infantry
airborne command post version for rocket artillery commanders.
Mi-17-1. It is an export version of the Mi-8AMT. It is a
high-altitude operations version, powered by Klimov TV3-117VM
engines, rated at 2 190 shp each. VK-2500 engines were
proposed as an option. This helicopter was first publicly revealed
-A1 are civilian passenger and cargo helicopters.
Mi-171C is a
Chinese license-produced variant. It has a weather radar and Doppler
navigational radar. Also it comes with a ramp-type rear door.
an export version of the Mi-8AMT. It is fitted with VK-2500-03
engines and is intended to operate in extreme temperatures, ranging from -58°C to
+50°C. This version is in
service with Iraq, and possibly some other countries.
a crew reduced from 3 to 2.
western avionics, such as transceiver, GPS and standard NATO flight
assault transport helicopter. It is an export version of the
Mi-8AMTSh. Its armament is derived from
Mi-24 gunship and carries some armor. It made its first flight
in 1996. This helicopter has been exported to some countries.
Mi-17-1V. Armed transport version It is an export version of the
Russian Mi-8MTV-1. It is powered by Klimov TV3-117VM engines.
Mi-17-1VA. It is
a flying hospital.
Mi-17-2. It is an export version of the Russian Mi-8MTV-2. This
helicopter has enhanced armor, updated systems, improved anti-torque
rotor. It has internal payload capacity of 5 000 kg and can carry 30
troops instead of 24. External payload capacity is 4 000 kg.
is a new-generation version. It made its maiden flight in 2003 and
is currently in pre-production stage. It is a proposed replacement
for the ageing Mi-8 and Mi-17 helicopters. The Mi-38 is marketed for
both military and civil applications.