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Kamov Ka-29

Naval assault transport helicopter

Kamov Ka-29 Helix-B helicopter

The Kamov Ka-29 is a formidable close support helicopter, carrying sizeable weapons load

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1985
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 11.3 m
Main rotor diameter 15.9 m
Height 5.4 m
Weight (empty) 5.52 t
Weight (maximum take off) 12.6 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines
Engine power 2 x 2 190 shp
Maximum speed 250 km/h
Cruising speed 235 km/h
Service ceiling ~ 5 km
Range (with 2 t payload) 460 km
Ferry range 740 km
Endurance up to 3 - 4 h
Payload
Passengers 16 men
Internal payload ~ 3 t
External payload 4 t
Armament
Cannon four-barrel 7.62-mm machine gun (1 800 rounds), provision for 23-mm or 30-mm cannons
Missiles 8 x 9M114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) anti-tank missiles
Other pods with unoperated rockets, bombs, submunition dispensers, torpedoes

 

   The Ka-29TB (Transportno Boyevoy) is a dedicated assault transport derivative of the Ka-27 family, intended especially for the support of naval amphibious operations and featuring a substantially changed airframe. Its development commenced in 1973. The prototype made its first flight in 1976. Trials were completed in 1979 and production began in 1984. The type entered service in 1985. The first example was seen by Western observers on the assault ship Ivan Rogov in 1987 in Mediterranean sea. The Ka-29TB was initially assumed to be the Ka-27B, resulting in the allocation of the Western reporting name Helix-B. Many of the new variants went unnoticed, and the Ka-29TB was initially thought to be a minimum-change version of the basic Ka-27PL anti-submarine warfare helicopter, but without radar. In fact it was an entirely new machine. About 59 of these helicopters were produced. These are in service with Russian Navy (up to 47) and Ukrainian Navy (up to 12).

   The Ka-29TB features an entirely new, much widened forward fuselage, with a flight deck seating three members of the crew side-by-side, one of these crew members acting as a gunner to aim the various types of weapons carried on the four hardpoints of the helicopter's pair of strut-braced lateral pylons, and the trainable 7.62-mm machine-gun hidden behind and articulated door on the starboard side of the nose. In addition, the two-piece curved windscreen of the Ka-27 has given way to a five-piece unit.

   The Ka-29 accommodates 16 fully-equipped troops. Alternatively in the medical evacuation role it can carry 4 stretchers, 7 seated casualties and medical attendants. Also it can carry external loads on a sling with a maximum weight of 4 000 kg.

   This helicopter can be armed with 9M114 Shturm-V (Western reporting name AT-6 Spiral) anti tank guided missiles (four missiles per hardpoint), pods with unguided 57-mm or 80-mm rockets, bombs, submunition dispensers and even torpedoes. It can also carry pods with 23-mm cannon and 250 rounds of ammunition each. There is provision for a 30-mm cannon, mounted above port outriger with 250 round ammunition feed from the cabin. These weapons are used to support seaborne assault troops and to soften up enemy defenses.

   The Ka-29 is also armored. It has 350 kg of armor around cockpit and engines.

   An air data boom projects form the port side of the nose, which also carries an electro-optical sensor to starboard and a missile guidance/illuminating and TFR pod to port.

   The Ka-29 can be deployed on ships, or coastal bases. This armed and armored helicopter requires no gunship escort and can operate on its own.

   This helicopter has coaxial rotors. Such design significantly reduced vibrations. Furthermore it considerably improved firing accuracy. The Ka-29 was tested togeather with a single-rotor Mi-24 attack helicopter, equipped with the same sights and unguided rockets. It appeared that the Ka-29 is much more accurate.

   At some point production of the Ka-29 was stopped. However if required, it might be restarted for the new Russian Navy amphibious assault ships.

 

Variants

 

   Ka-31 is an airborne early warning helicopter, based on the basic Ka-29TB. Its main mission is a long-range detection of airborne and naval threats.

   Ka-33 is a civilian transport helicopter, developed from the Ka-29. It was first revealed in 1997. However it seems that this type received no production orders.

  7

Video of the Kaman K-MAX flying crane

 
Kamov Ka-29 Helix-B helicopter

Kamov Ka-29 Helix-B helicopter

Kamov Ka-29 Helix-B helicopter

Kamov Ka-29 Helix-B helicopter

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