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Sa vz.61 Skorpion

Submachine gun

Sa vz.61 Scorpion

The Skorpion submachine gun was developed in Czechoslovakia during the late 1950s

 
 
Country of origin Czechoslovakia
Entered service 1961
Caliber 7.65 x 17 mm
Weight (empty) 1.59 kg
Length 517 mm
Length (with folded stock) 269 mm
Barrel length 112 mm
Muzzle velocity 330 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 640 rpm
Practical rate of fire 30 - 90 rpm
Magazine capacity 10, 20 rounds
Sighting range 150 m
Range of effective fire 50 m

 

   The Samopal vz.61 Skorpion (scorpion) submachine gun was developed in Czechoslovakia during the late 1950s by Miroslav Rybar. Initially this weapon was intended for the reconnaissance units, special forces, staff officers and non-frontline units as a personal defense weapon. First prototypes were completed in 1959 and it was adopted to service with Czechoslovakian military in 1961. This submachine gun was widely exported. It was license-produced in Yugoslavia. A total of 210 000 of these SMGs were manufactured. Currently it is in service with a number of countries.

   It is a blowback operated, selective fire weapon. It has an original fire rate reduction mechanism. The original vz.61 Skorpion was chambered for a 7.65x17 mm Browning (.32 ACP) ammunition. From today's point of view this caliber is considered to be insufficient, however at that time it was a standard ammunition for many service pistols, and standard pistol round used by the Czechoslovak armed forces. The Sa vz.61 was smaller and lighter than most contemporary designs. This compact SMG could be easily fired single-handedly, however its effective range of fire is only around 50 meters. The Skorpion proved to be a reliable weapon.

   A combined safety and fire mode selector switch is located above the pistol grip. It is conveniently operated by a thumb. It has settings for "safe", "semi-auto", and "full-auto" firing. Cocking handle is made in the form of dual sliders. These are located on both sides of the receiver. However it is uncomfortable to charge this submachine gun with gloves.

   The original Sa vz.61 Skorpion was fed from 10- or 20-round capacity magazines. Though the magazine capacity varies depending on version and caliber.

   The Sa vz.61 Skorpion has adjustable iron sights.

   This submachine gun comes with a folding shoulder stock, made from steel wire. When not required, the stock folds over the weapon. The Skorpion SMG is compatible with silencer and laser pointer. It is worth mentioning that its original 7.65x17 mm ammunition could be easily silenced due to its low muzzle velocity.

 

Variants

 

   Semi-automatic only examples of the vz.61 and its subvariants are sold all over the world on the civilian market, with probably the most peculiar customer being Japan. While pistols are prohibited to everyone without a federal permit (of which only 100 or so belong to anyone outside the government, military or police), the stock of the Skorpion makes it technically a "rifle" under Japanese law. The Skorpion has thus ironically become a very common sight on Japanese shooting ranges. In an even stranger twist, the folding stock on semi-automatic Skorpions have actually made them illegal in several US states.

   Sa vz.68 Skorpion, a version produced for infantry use. It is chambered for 9x19 mm ammunition and has a fixed wooden stock;

   Sa vz.82 Skorpion, chambered for a Soviet 9x18 mm ammunition. This ammunition was more powerful than the original 7.65x17 mm round, but inferior to the 9x19 mm ammunition, which was used in the West. This version has an extended barrel;

   Sa vz.83 Skorpion, chambered for 9x17 mm (.380 ACP) ammunition;

   Sa 361, chambered for 9x19 mm ammunition. It is the last version, produced in the early 1990s;

   vz.91 a semi-automatic only civilian version, chambered in 9x19 mm.

 

Video of the Sa vz.61 Skorpion submachine gun



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Sa vz.61 Scorpion

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Sa vz.61 Scorpion

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Sa vz.61 Scorpion

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Sa vz.61 Scorpion

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Sa vz.61 Scorpion

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