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Valmet M82

Assault rifle

Valmet M82

The Valmet M82 assault rifle was rejected by the Finnish Army

 
 
Country of origin Finland
Caliber 5.56 x 45 mm
Weight (empty) 3.3 kg
Length 710 mm
Length (with folded stock) -
Barrel length 420 mm
Muzzle velocity 975 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 750 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 300 m
Range of effective fire 300 m

 

   The Valmet M82 assault rifle has been designed for for the Finnish airborne troops. It was also intended to replace weapons with the folding stock. It was introduced in 1978. This weapon had a number of unusual features, however the Finnish Army rejected it because of failures in the design. Nevertheless Valmet produced a small batch of these assault rifles, mostly in semi-automatic versions, chambered for a standard NATO 5.56x45 (.223 Remington) round. These rifles were exported mainly to the USA. Production ceased in 1986.

   Designers intended to create a compact weapon. An attempt was made to convert a well-proven Valmet M76 assault rifle into a bullpup layout. It allowed to reduce overall length of the weapon. Internal design of this assault rifle is similar to that of the Valmet M76, which in turn is based on the Soviet AKM. The M82 is a gas operated, selective fire weapon. Finnish designers decided to keep receiver and barrel of its predecessor. This rifle had a lightened bolt carrier and thinner barrel in order to reduce weight.

   The pistol grip with the trigger was moved to the front of the magazine port. The safety / fire mode selector switch is far behind the pistol grim and trigger. It can be set to "safe", "single" or "automatic" fire modes. A charging handle is located on the right side of the receiver.

   This weapon is fed from 30-round capacity magazines. It is compatible with all standard M16-type magazines. Though semi-automatic civilian versions of this weapon use smaller magazines.

   Early prototypes of this assault rifle featured wooden stocks. Later models had a polymer housing. It is worth mentioning that the Valmet M82 was poorly balanced, as most of the weight is in the rear part of the weapon.

   The Valmet M82 has no provision for left-hand ejection. It can only be fired from the right shoulder.

   Some of the reasons why the M82 was not accepted to service were its too hard noise close to soldier's ear. Also the foresight used to hit the soldier's teeth during a hard landing with a parachute.

   Furthermore this assault rifle lacks a bayonet lug and can not mount a knife-bayonet. This issue was fixed on the Valmet M82A, which has a redesigned front sight post.

   This assault rifle has unusual fixed dioptric sights, set to the left from the weapon axis. In the sight the shooter's right eye is focused on the front sight and the left eye on the rear sight. The two sights overlap at certain ranges, providing excellent accuracy at fixed range. However due to the fixed nature the weapons accuracy suffered at variable ranges. As a result it made shots over 300 meters difficult.

 

 
Valmet M82

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Valmet M82

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Valmet M82

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Valmet M82

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

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