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Submachine gun


The Uzi submachine gun had been adopted by more than 90 countries worldwide

Country of origin Israel
Entered service 1954
Caliber 9x19 mm
Weight (unloaded) 3.5 kg
Length (stock extended) 650 mm
Length (stock folded) 470 mm
Barrel length 260 mm
Muzzle velocity 400 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 600 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 120 rpm
Magazine capacity 25, 32, 40, 50 rounds
Sighting range 200 m
Range of effective fire 100 m


   The Uzi submachine gun was designed by Uziel Gal, an Israel's army lieutenant, in 1949. This weapon is named in honor to its designer. It was officially adopted in 1951 and was first introduced to Israel's army special forces in 1954. Two years later it became the standard issue submachine gun. It has been manufactured by the Israel Military Industries (IMI). This weapon was phased out of frontline service with the Israel Defense Force (IDF) in the 1980s and is used only by reserve units. However this submachine gun was so successful, that it had been adopted by more than 90 countries worldwide either for military use or law enforcement forces. It was license-produced in Belgium by FN Herstal (FN Uzi) and Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Unlicensed copied have been produced in China (Model 320) and Croatia (ERO). There are numerous clones of this submachine gun.

   The Uzi is an open bolt, blowback operated submachine gun, chambered for a standard 9x19 mm Parabellum round. Design of the Uzi has been influenced by the British MCEM-2 experimental submachine gun, or Czechoslovak Sa vz.23 submachine gun. Both of these weapons had their magazines housed in their pistol grips.

   The Uzi SMG is simple in design and technology. It is made primarily from stamped sheet metal. Also it has relatively few mowing parts. This submachine gun can be easily field stripped for maintenance and repairs. Weapon was selected by Israel's army due to its simplicity and ease of production.

   This submachine gun is fitted with manual safety switch, which is also a fire mode selector. There is additional automatic grip safety button. This submachine gun has a semi-auto and full-auto modes.

   A charging handle is located on top of the receiver. The weapon can be charged by using either hand. The charging handle does not reciprocates when the weapon is fired. It has a cutout in the middle in order not to obstruct the sights.

   Magazine is housed in the pistol grip. This feature made the weapon shorter, better balanced and reloading become more intuitive. If required, the Uzi can be held and shot by using just one hand. Weapon is fed from 25-, 32-, 40-, or 50-round box-shaped magazines.

   Early production models of this submachine gun have a detachable wooden stock. Later models were fitted with a collapsible metal stock.

   In general it is a reliable weapon, however it can still jam if not cleaned regularly. Downside of the Uzi is its limited range and accuracy, especially in full-auto mode. Also it has some design flaws. These were the main reasons why this submachine gun was phased out of the IDF service.




   Uzi carbine, fitted with a longer barrel. It has been aimed mainly at civil customers.

   Mini Uzi, a compact model developed in 1982. It is fitted with a shorter barrel and a side-folded frame stock. This submachine gun is also compatible with smaller 20 round capacity magazines. Its range of effective fire is about 100 meters.

   Micro Uzi, even more compact model, developed in 1983. It has a side-folded frame stock, similar to that of the Mini Uzi. It uses smaller 20 round magazines as standard. Range of effective fire is about 30 meters.

   Uzi pistol. Basically it is a scaled-down Micro Uzi without shoulder stock. It fires in semi-automatic mode only and has been aimed mainly at civilian market.

   Uzi PRO a recent and redesigned version, intended primarily for Israel's special operations forces. This submachine gun was introduced in 2003. It evolved from the Micro Uzi, after the IMI engineers have gathered complaints, impressions and reports from the Micro Uzi users. This weapon has a reduced weight, as it uses polymers and lightweight titanium alloys. This submachine gun is fed from the Glock 17-round and 33-round magazines.


Video of the IMI Uzi submachine gun

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