9 x 19 mm
Length (with folded stock)
Cyclic rate of fire
Practical rate of fire
40 - 120 rpm
25, 32, 40, 50 rounds
Range of effective fire
submachine gun was designed by Uziel Gal, an Israel's army
lieutenant, in 1949. This weapon is named in honor to its
designer. It was officially adopted in 1951 and was first introduced
to Israel's army special forces in 1954. Two years later it became
the standard issue submachine gun. It has been manufactured by the
Israel Military Industries (IMI). This weapon was phased out of frontline
service with the Israel Defense Force (IDF) in the 1980s and is used
only by reserve units. However this
submachine gun was so successful, that it had been adopted by more
than 90 countries worldwide either for military use or law
enforcement forces. It was license-produced in Belgium by FN Herstal
(FN Uzi) and Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Unlicensed copied have
been produced in China (Model 320) and Croatia (ERO). There are
numerous clones of this submachine gun.
The Uzi is an
open bolt, blowback operated submachine gun, chambered for a
standard 9x19 mm Parabellum round. Design of the Uzi has been
influenced by the British MCEM-2 experimental submachine gun, or
Czechoslovak Sa vz.23 submachine gun. Both of these weapons had
their magazines housed in their pistol grips.
The Uzi SMG
is simple in design and technology. It is made primarily from
stamped sheet metal. Also it has relatively few mowing parts. This
submachine gun can be easily field stripped for maintenance and
repairs. Weapon was selected by Israel's army due to its simplicity
and ease of production.
submachine gun is fitted with manual safety switch, which is also a
fire mode selector. There is additional automatic grip safety
button. This submachine gun has a semi-auto and full-auto modes.
handle is located on top of the receiver. The weapon can be charged
by using either hand. The charging handle does not reciprocates when
the weapon is fired. It has a cutout in the middle in order not to
obstruct the sights.
housed in the pistol grip. This feature made the weapon shorter,
better balanced and
reloading become more intuitive. If required, the Uzi can be held
and shot by using just one hand. Weapon is fed from 25-,
32-, 40-, or 50-round box-shaped magazines.
production models of this submachine gun have a
detachable wooden stock. Later models were fitted with a collapsible metal stock.
it is a reliable weapon, however it can still jam if not cleaned regularly. Downside of the Uzi is its
limited range and accuracy, especially in full-auto mode. Also it
has some design flaws. These were
the main reasons why this submachine gun was phased out of the IDF
fitted with a longer barrel. It has been aimed mainly at civil
Mini Uzi, a
compact model developed in 1982. It is fitted with a shorter barrel
and a side-folded frame stock. This submachine gun is also
compatible with smaller 20 round capacity magazines. Its range of
effective fire is about 100 meters;
even more compact model, developed in 1983. It has a side-folded
frame stock, similar to that of the Mini Uzi. It uses smaller 20
round magazines as standard. Range of effective fire is about 30
pistol. Basically it is a scaled-down Micro Uzi without shoulder
stock. It fires in semi-automatic mode only and has been aimed
mainly at civilian market;
Uzi PRO a
recent and redesigned version, intended primarily for Israel's
special operations forces. This submachine gun was introduced in
2003. It evolved from the Micro Uzi, after the IMI engineers have
gathered complaints, impressions and reports from the Micro Uzi
users. This weapon has a reduced weight, as it uses polymers and
lightweight titanium alloys. This submachine gun is fed from the
Glock 17-round and 33-round magazines.
Video of the IMI Uzi
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