420 - 480
Range of effective fire
more than 50 m
semi-automatic pistol was developed in 1930 by Fedor Tokarev. This
pistol was named after the city it was developed and produced (Tula)
and its designer (Tokarev), or TT for short. It was developed to
meet requirements of the Red Army. In the late 1920s the Red Army
issued a requirement for a powerful semi-automatic pistol, chambered
for 7.63 mm Mauser round, that would replace the Nagant revolver and
The Tokarev design competed against semi-automatic pistols, designed
by Korovin and Prilukiy. New Russian designs also compared with
Western designs, such as Browning, Luger and Walther. As a result Tokarev pistol was selected
as a winner by
the Red Army. Initial drawbacks were fixed and low-rate roduction of this
pistol commenced in 1931. Full-scale production of an improved model
commenced in 1933. Originally this pistol was produced in Tula. It was widely used during the World War II.
After the war this pistol was also produced in Izhevsk and Kovrov
cities. In 1951
this pistol was slightly improved to simplify production and
maintenance. In 1952 it was replaced by the
pistol. Production continued until 1954. By that time approximately
3 million of these pistols were produced in the Soviet Union.
The TT has
been widely exported to Soviet allies. Modified variants and clones
of this pistol were produced in China, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
Iraq, North Korea, Poland, Vietnam and Yugoslavia. Even though it is
outdated, the TT
is still used in more than 50 countries by military and law
enforcement forces. It is still used by special forces of the
Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. Variants of this pistol are
still produced in some countries, but intended mainly for civilian
The TT is a
clone of the M1903 pistol, designed by the famous John
Browning. This pistol was in service with the Russian
Empire. M1093 pistols were ordered before the WWI and were used by
the police. Also the TT has some of the internals of the
M1911. However the TT
is chambered for different cartridge.
Also it was modified to simplify production.
The TT is
chambered for 7.62x25 mm ammunition. Some sources report that
originally this pistol was planned to be chambered for 7.63x25 mm Mauser round. However a slightly different caliber was deliberately
selected in order to make the new round incompatible with Western
weapons. In case of war captured ammunition stocks would be useless
for the enemy. Interesting fact though, that TT could use the Mauser
7.62x25 mm ammunition, but not vice versa.
essentially the TT is a clone of American pistol that is chambered
for a modified German round. Eventually this Russian pistol
proved to be highly successful. This weapon is still popular due to its
ruggedness, reliability, low price, accuracy and penetration.
mm round has a much higher muzzle velocity than the 9x19 mm Parabellum
round. Between 1930s and 1950s it was the standard pistol and
submachine gun round in Soviet Union and with its Warsaw Pact
allies. It is worth noting that the soviets required their allies to
use the same ammunition. So a number of pistols and submachine guns,
chambered for 7.62x25 mm round emerged in Poland, Czechoslovakia,
and some other countries.
The TT fires
standard ball rounds, tracer and armor-piercing incendiary rounds.
It lacks stopping power, but makes up for with penetration and
accuracy. In terms of penetration it outperforms most other pistols. It shoots-through
a 15 cm wooden log. Also it penetrates from both sided army helmets
and second class armor vests. It penetrates third class armor vest
from one side. So only third+ class vests provide protection against
these powerful rounds.
were factory set at 25 meters. However the TT has a longer effective
range. At the range of 50 meters the TT has an accuracy error in 15
centimeters, and it considered accurate.
TT does not have a safety lock. It proved to be an unsafe weapon and
should not be carried when loaded. Most of its variants, produced in
other countries are fitted with a safety lock.
The TT is
flat and can be easily concealed. However there are some issued with
ergonomics. It was a result of cost-cutting in manufacture.
The TT is
fed from a single stack magazine, that holds 8 rounds. At the time
of its introduction it was adequate, however currently modern pistols come
with 15 or even 20 round magazines.
copies, variants and clones of the TT pistol were produced. Some of
them are listed below. Some of the clones are
chambered from 9x19 mm Parabellum ammunition.
Chinese copy of TT. Some of the Chinese versions are fitted with
Type 68, a
North Korean version of the TT;
PW Wz.33, a
Polish copy of the TT. It was produced between 1947 and 1959;
Romanian copy of the TT. It was produced well into the 1950s;
improved Yugoslavian variant. It has a 9-round capacity magazine.