Country of origin
5.8 x 42 mm
Cyclic rate of fire
~ 650 rpm
Practical rate of fire
50 - 150 rpm
30, 75 rounds
600 ~ 800 m
Range of effective fire
~ 600 m
During the 1990s a new
family of modern infantry weapons was developed for the Chinese
army, which included the
assault rifle and QJB-95 squad automatic weapon. These weapons
were designed form the clean sheet and were were not based on any
previous Chinese designs and were actually not copied from Western
or Russian designs. Most of their components were similar for easier
servicing and maintenance. The QJB-95, also commonly known as the
Type 95. Sometimes it is referred as the QBB-95. It is generally similar to the QBZ-95 assault rifle, but was
fitted with a heavier barrel, bipod, and used 75-round capacity drum
magazines. Both weapons used newly-developed Chinese 5.8x42 mm
ammunition. The QJB-95 was adopted in the mid 1990s and replaced in
service the older Type 81 squad automatic weapon, which was
chambered for 7.62x39 mm ammunition. The QJB-95 was first observed
during the late 1990s. Eventually it became the standard-issue squad
automatic weapon with the Chinese army, armed police and other law
enforcement forces. This light machine gun has been exported to
Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and possibly some other countries. Myanmar uses
unlicensed indigenous clone of this weapon.
is a gas-operated weapon with a bullpup layout. It is chambered for China's
indigenous DBP-87 5.8x42 mm
ammunition. This ammunition had been developed in the late 1980s. It
is claimed to be superior to the standard NATO 5.56x45 mm and Soviet
5.45x39 mm ammunition. However the QJB-95 typically uses DBP-88
"heavy" machine gun rounds. This round has better ballistics, longer
range and superior armor penetration. The same DBP-88 "heavy"
ammunition is used by Chinese
general purpose machine gun. The QBZ-95 assault rifle can
also use this "heavy" ammunition, however it will greatly
wear its barrel and action. So the QBZ-95 assault rifle normally
uses standard DPB-87 ammunition instead. In around 2010 a new type
of ammunition, called the DBP-10 was first fielded. It is also a
"heavy" round with improved ballistics. Though it was designed both
for the QJB-95 light machine gun and improved QBZ-95-1 assault
QBZ-95 assault rifle and QJB-95 light machine gun are designed
around the same action and bullpup layout
with a polymer housing. However these weapons can not be converted from
one configuration to another. Generally the QJB-95 is a reliable and
relatively accurate weapon.
A combines safety and
fire mode selector switch is located behind the magazine, on the
left. It has settings for "safe", "semi-auto" and "full-auto".
Design of this weapon incorporates some features that reduce recoil.
mode selector is not ambidextrous. Ejection is also performed only
to the right side. However the cocking handle is located on top of
the receiver, so the weapon can be charged using either hand.
QJB-95 uses 75-round capacity drum magazines. Though this weapon is
also compatible with standard 30-round capacity magazines of the QBZ-95
has simple iron sights. Its integral carrying handle comes with
built-in rear sight base. The carrying handle has quick-release
mounting points for various sights or night vision scopes. Range of
effective fire is around 600-800 meters against area targets.
can mount a knife-bayonet.
an improved production version.
QJB-97, or Type
97, is an export version, chambered for standard NATO 5.56x45
mm ammunition. It uses 80-round capacity drum magazines or 30-round
capacity box magazines. This weapon is also compatible with standard
30-round capacity box magazines.
is a Myanma-made clone of the QJB-97. This weapons was made without
permission from NORINCO despite claims from Myanmar that they were
designed indigenously. This weapon has some differences form the QJB-97.
It was adopted by the
Myanmar Army in around 2012.