Country of origin
5.8 x 42 mm
Cyclic rate of fire
Practical rate of fire
40 - 100 rpm
Range of effective fire
~ 400 m
or Type 95 assault rifle has been developed in China. It is an
entirely new and modern family of weapons, which uses newly
developed Chinese ammunition. This assault rifle has been designed
to replace the ageing
Type 81. The
QBZ-95 was first adopted by the PLA elite units, however soon after
it became the standard issue infantry rifle with the Chinese army,
armed police and other law enforcement forces. This assault rifle
was first observed in 1997. Export operators are Cambodia, Laos,
Myanmar, Rwanda, Sri
Lanka, Sudan, and possibly some other countries.
It is a gas operated,
selective fire assault rifle, with a bullpup layout. This weapon is
chambered for indigenous Chinese DBP-87 5.8x42 mm ammunition. The
DBP-87 designation stands fro Standard Rifle Cartridge, model 1987. This
ammunitions was developed in the late 1980s to replace the
Soviet 7.62x39 mm ammunition in Chinese service. It is a lighter
ammunition with improved ballistics, similar in concept to the
standard NATO 5.56x42 mm and Soviet 5.45x39 mm intermediate
ammunition. It was designed to be a one cartridge solution for
assault rifles, designated marksman rifles and light machine guns. It is claimed that Chinese 5.8x42 mm ammunition is
superior to the 5.56x45 and 5.45x39 mm ammunition. Eventually a
whole family of infantry weapons was developed in China, chambered
for the new 5.8x42 mm ammunition. It includes the QBZ-95 assault
QJB-95 squad automatic weapon,
general purpose machine gun and
designated marksman rifle. Design of the QBZ-95 assault rifle does not resembles any of the
previous Chinese designs. Also it is not a clone of foreign designs,
but rather an indigenous clean sheet design.
of the QBZ-95 family are designed around the same action and bullpup
layout with a polymer housing. This family also includes a carbine
and light machine gun. However these weapons can not be converted
from one configuration to another.
A combined safety
fire mode selector switch is located behind the magazine, from the
left side. This assault rifle produces single shots, three round
bursts or fully automatic fire. The QBZ-95 incorporates some
features to reduce recoil, which is claimed to be low.
is not ambidextrous. Its ejection port is made at the right side
only. This weapon is fed from box-shaped polymer magazines, holding
30 rounds. Two magazines can be clamped together using a special
clamp for faster reloading.
sources reported that the QBZ-95 is as accurate as the US
M16A3 and as reliable as the
Soviet AK-74, however these claims have
not been confirmed by Western sources.
carrying handle comes with built-in rear sight base. It is an open
type and has a sighting range of 500 m. The carrying handle has
quick-release mounting points for various sights or night vision scopes. Effective
range of fire is about 400 m against a point target and 600 m
against area target.
assault rifle is compatible with a QLG-91B 35 mm underbarrel grenade
launcher, which is similar in concept to the US
Alternatively it can mount a newer and more compact
QLG-10 35 mm
grenade launcher, which was inspired by the Russian GP-30.
Furthermore the QBZ-95
assault rifle can
launch DQJ-03 40 mm rifle grenades. This weapon can mount a knife-bayonet.
improved version with a heavier barrel and longer barrel, redesigned
muzzle brake and some
other improvements. The fire mode selector was relocated above the
pistol grip. This weapon was mainly designed to handle a new DBP-10
"heavy" ammunition which offered improved ballistics range and armor
penetration. The original QBZ-95 could use a DBP-88 "heavy" round
with superior ballistics and penetration of the
light machine gun. However it would greatly wear out its barrel and
action. The new DBP-10 round was specially designed to be compatible
with both improved QBZ-95-1 assault rifle and QJB-95 light machine
gun. A small number of these improved assault rifles were first
fielded in 2010 for trials and evaluation. Most likely that the
QBZ-95-1 will eventually replace in first line service the original
QBZ-95 assault rifles.
export version, chambered for the 5.56x45 mm standard NATO round
and compatible with the standard NATO (M16-type)
magazines. Internally it is similar to the QBZ-95. Another variant -
the QBZ-97A has additional three-round burst mode and a different
QBZ-97B is a
carbine, chambered for the 5.56x45 mm NATO round.
carbine. This is a shorter and lighter version of the assault rifle.
It is not compatible with bayonet or underbarrel grenade launcher
due to its short barrel.
machine gun, fitted with a bipod and heavier barrel. It uses 75
round drum-type magazines. This weapon normally used the DBP-88
"heavy" machine gun ammunition with superior ballistics, range and
penetration. Instead of the QBZ-95 assault rifle used standard
DBP-87 round, as the DBP-88 round would wear out its barrel and
action. Eventually a new type of DBP-10 "heavy" ammunition with
superior ballistics and penetration was developed, that could suit
both the QJB-95 light machine gun and improved QBZ-95-1 assault
Mk.3 is a Myanmar's unlicensed clone of the QBZ-97 with some
local modifications. It was adopted by the Myanmar Army in around