5.8 x 42 mm
Length (with folded stock)
Cyclic rate of fire
Practical rate of fire
40 - 100 rpm
Range of effective fire
~ 400 m
or Type 95 assault rifle has been developed in China. It is an
entirely new and modern family of weapons, which uses newly
developed Chinese ammunition. This assault rifle has been designed
to replace the ageing
Type 81. The
QBZ-95 was first adopted by the PLA elite units, however soon after
it became the standard issue infantry rifle with the Chinese army,
armed police and other law enforcement forces. This assault rifle
was first observed in 1997. Export operators are Cambodia and Sri
It is a gas operated,
selective fire assault rifle, with a bullpup layout. This weapon is
chambered for indigenous Chinese 5.8 x 42 mm ammunition. This
cartridge had been developed in the late 1980s. It is claimed to be
superior to the standard NATO 5.56 x 45 mm and Soviet 5.45 x 39 mm
ammunition. Design of this weapon do not resembles any of the
previous Chinese designs.
of the QBZ-95 family are designed around the same action and bullpup
layout with a polymer housing. This family also includes a carbine
and light machine gun. However these weapons can not be converted
from one configuration to another.
A safety /
fire mode selector switch is located behind the magazine, from the
left side. This assault rifle produces single shots, three round
bursts or fully automatic fire. The QBZ-95 incorporates some
features to reduce recoil, which is claimed to be low.
is not ambidextrous. Its ejection port is made at the right side
only. This weapon is fed from box-shaped polymer magazines, holding
sources reported that the QBZ-95 is as accurate as the US
M16A3 and as reliable as the
Soviet AK-74, however these claims have
not been confirmed by Western sources.
carrying handle comes with built-in rear sight base. It is an open
type and has a sighting range of 500 m. The carrying handle has
mounting points for various sights or night vision scopes. Effective
range of fire is about 400 m against a point target and 600 m
against area target.
assault rifle is compatible with a 40-mm underbarrel grenade
launcher, similar to the US M203. A more compact indigenous
underbarrel grenade launcher has also been observed. The QBZ-95 can
also be used to launch rifle grenades. A knife-bayonet can be
improved version with a relocated fire mode selector switch and some
export version, chambered for the 5.56 x 45 mm standard NATO round
and compatible with the standard NATO (M16-type)
magazines. Internally it is similar to the QBZ-95. Another variant -
the QBZ-97A has additional three-round burst mode and a different
carbine. This is a shorter and lighter version of the assault rifle.
It is not compatible with bayonet or underbarrel grenade launcher
due to its short barrel;
machine gun, fitted with a bipod and heavier barrel. It uses a 75
round drum-type magazine.