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Assault rifle


The QBZ-95 assault rifle is chambered for indigenous Chinese ammunition

Caliber 5.8 x 42 mm
Weight (empty) 3.4 kg
Length 760 mm
Length (with folded stock) -
Barrel length 520 mm
Muzzle velocity 930 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 650 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 30 rounds
Sighting range 500 m
Range of effective fire ~ 400 m


   The QBZ-95 or Type 95 assault rifle has been developed in China. It is an entirely new and modern family of weapons, which uses newly developed Chinese ammunition. This assault rifle has been designed to replace the ageing Type 81. The QBZ-95 was first adopted by the PLA elite units, however soon after it became the standard issue infantry rifle with the Chinese army, armed police and other law enforcement forces. This assault rifle was first observed in 1997. Export operators are Cambodia and Sri Lanka.

   It is a gas operated, selective fire assault rifle, with a bullpup layout. This weapon is chambered for indigenous Chinese 5.8x42 mm ammunition. This cartridge had been developed in the late 1980s. It is claimed to be superior to the standard NATO 5.56x45 mm and Soviet 5.45x39 mm ammunition. Design of this weapon do not resembles any of the previous Chinese designs.

   All weapons of the QBZ-95 family are designed around the same action and bullpup layout with a polymer housing. This family also includes a carbine and light machine gun. However these weapons can not be converted from one configuration to another.

   A safety / fire mode selector switch is located behind the magazine, from the left side. This assault rifle produces single shots, three round bursts or fully automatic fire. The QBZ-95 incorporates some features to reduce recoil, which is claimed to be low.

   The QBZ-95 is not ambidextrous. Its ejection port is made at the right side only. This weapon is fed from box-shaped polymer magazines, holding 30 rounds.

   Chinese sources reported that the QBZ-95 is as accurate as the US M16A3 and as reliable as the Soviet AK-74, however these claims have not been confirmed by Western sources.

   An integral carrying handle comes with built-in rear sight base. It is an open type and has a sighting range of 500 m. The carrying handle has mounting points for various sights or night vision scopes. Effective range of fire is about 400 m against a point target and 600 m against area target.

   The QBZ-95 assault rifle is compatible with a Type 91 35 mm underbarrel grenade launcher, which is similar in concept to the US M203. Alternatively it can mount a newer and more compact QLG-10 35 mm grenade launcher, which was inspired by the Russian GP-30. The QBZ-95 assault rifle can also launch rifle grenades. This weapon can mount a knife-bayonet.




   QBZ-95-1 improved version with a relocated fire mode selector switch and some other improvements;

   QBZ-97 export version, chambered for the 5.56x45 mm standard NATO round and compatible with the standard NATO (M16-type) magazines. Internally it is similar to the QBZ-95. Another variant - the QBZ-97A has additional three-round burst mode and a different pistol grip;

   QBZ-95B carbine. This is a shorter and lighter version of the assault rifle. It is not compatible with bayonet or underbarrel grenade launcher due to its short barrel;

   QBB-95 light machine gun, fitted with a bipod and heavier barrel. It uses 75 round drum-type magazines.







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