Country of origin
5.8 x 42 mm
Range of effective fire
is a designated marksman rifle, that is currently used by the
Chinese army and law enforcement forces. Sometimes it is referred as
the Type 88. It was developed in the 1980s. China's army was looking
for a weapon to replace their Type 79 designated marksman rifle
(copy of the Soviet
which reportedly had a number of build quality and reliability
issues. Even though by that time an improved Type 85 was available,
Chinese MoD went for a completely new weapon, chambered for new
indigenous 5.8x42 mm intermediate ammunition. Eventually a whole
infantry weapon family was developed, chambered for this new
ammunition. Though the QBU-88 was actually the first weapon to use
it. Number "88" in the designation denotes model 1988. This weapon
was reportedly adopted by the Chinese army in 1997. This marksman
rifle has been exported to some countries.
is a gas-operated weapon with bullpup layout. Due to this layout it
is rather compact for its role. This weapon is chambered for China's
indigenous 5.8x42 mm intermediate ammunition. It is claimed to be
superior to standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. The same 5.8x42 mm
ammunition is used by all China's infantry weapons, including
squad automatic weapon and
general purpose machine gun. Though normally the QBU-88 uses
special precision-grade ammunition with longer and more streamlined
bullet and a steel core. It can also fire standard ammunition
of the QBZ-95 assault rifle.
this marksman rifle has many design features of the venerable
assault rifle. The original AK-47 was produced in China as the
However overall the QBU-88 is a new design. Interestingly barrel
length of the QBU-88 is similar to that of the Soviet SVD. Though
due to its bullpup layout the QBU-88 is much more compact. This
Chinese marksman rifle is intended to extend the fire reach of the
squad. Though it is by no means a true sniper rifle.
is capable only of semi-automatic firing. The safety switch is
located at the bottom of the receiver, behind the magazine, and is
rather awkward to use.
marksman rifle is fed from 10-round capacity magazines.
comes as standard with a bipod. Though the bipod can be detached if
is normally used with a 4x magnification scope. It has a sighting
range of 800 m. It can mount various scopes and night vision sights.
Also there are flip-up iron sights for emergency use. Range of
effective fire is around 600 m.
Type 97) is an export version, chambered for the standard NATO
5.56x45 mm ammunition. This weapon is not compatible with standard
magazines, but instead uses modified magazines of the QBU-88. In
2015 a similar export rifle emerged, marketed as the NQU-03.