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PY

Semi-automatic pistol

PY

The Yarygin pistol was adopted as the standard sidearm of the Russian armed forces

 
 
Caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum, 7N21
Weight (empty) 950 g
Length 198 mm
Barrel length 112 mm
Muzzle velocity 450 m/s
Magazine capacity 17, 18 rounds
Sighting range 50 m
Range of effective fire ~ 50 m

 

   In 1993 the Russian Army issued a requirement for a new pistol to replace the venerable Makarov. This program was codenamed Grach (rook). The PY or "Pistolet Yarygina" was designed by Vladimir Yarygin at IZHMECH state-owned plant to meet to meet this requirement. The PY competed against several other designs, to meet the Russian Army requirement. Notably the Gyurza and GSh-18. Eventually the Yarygin pistol was selected as a winner. In 2003 it was adopted by all branches of the Russian military as the standard issue sidearm. In 2006 it was adopted by the Russian law enforcement forces. However it can not fully replace the previous pistols due to funding problems. In service it is known under the PY designation. Manufacturers designation of this pistol is MR-443 Grach.

   This pistol is chambered for a 9x19 mm ammunition. It can fire both the standard 9x19 mm Parabellum rounds, as well as newly developed Russian 9x19 mm 7N21 high-powered armor-piercing round with hardened steel core. However this armor-piercing ammunition is not backward compatible with standard 9x19 mm pistols. As peek pressure of the 7N21 round is much higher. There is also a 7N31-PBP round that can be used with sound suppressors.

   It is worth noting that the previous Soviet pistols were chambered for 9x18 mm Makarov ammunition, that was inferior to the Western 9x19 mm ammunition both in terms of penetration and man-stopping power.

   This sturdy pistol is conventional in design and technology. It has an all-steel construction. However it has been reported that there are some issues with the build quality. The quality levels can vary from lot to lot.

   The PY is a short-recoil operated weapon. Internally it is similar to the Czech CZ-75 and uses a modified Browning Hi-Power style locking of the barrel. The PY pistol has a double-action trigger. There is an ambidextrous manual safety switch on both sides of the frame.

   This pistol is fed from a double-stack magazine, that holds 17 rounds. Since 2004 it is produced with new magazines, that hold 18 rounds. A magazine release button can be easily reversed from left side to the right, depending on the shooter preferences.

   The PY pistol has simple fixed iron sights, set at a range of 50 meters. Range of effective fire is about the same.

 

Variants

 

   MR-446 Viking. It is an export version of the MP-443 Grach. It can not fire the Russian 7N21 ammunition. Otherwise it is identical. It has been reported, that the Viking is built to higher quality standards than the Russian military version. The Viking is available with either steel or polymer frame. This pistol can be fitted with dismountable Picatinny rail mount for various accessories, such as laser pointers and tactical flashlights. It has been exported to Kazakhstan and possibly some other countries;

   MR-446S Viking is a civilian version with a magazine capacity of 10 rounds. It is sold under Baikal brand.

 

Video of the PY (MR-443 Grach) pistol


 
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