Country of origin
9x19 mm Parabellum, 7N21
17, 18 rounds
Range of effective fire
~ 50 m
In 1993 the
Russian Army issued a requirement for a new pistol to replace the
also known as
Makarov. This program was codenamed Grach (rook). The PY or Pistolet Yarygina was designed by Vladimir Yarygin at IZHMECH
state-owned plant to meet to meet this requirement. The PY competed
against several other designs, to meet the Russian Army requirement.
GSh-18. Eventually the Yarygin pistol was selected as a winner.
In 2003 it was adopted by all branches of the Russian military as
the standard issue sidearm. In 2006 it was adopted by the Russian
law enforcement forces. However it can not fully replace the
previous pistols due to funding problems. In service it is
known under the PY designation. Manufacturers designation of this
pistol is MR-443 Grach.
is chambered for a 9x19 mm ammunition. It can fire both the standard
9x19 mm Parabellum rounds, as well as newly developed Russian 9x19
mm 7N21 high-powered armor-piercing round with hardened steel core.
However this armor-piercing ammunition is not backward compatible
with standard 9x19 mm pistols. As peek pressure of the 7N21 round is
much higher. There is also a 7N31-PBP round that can be used with
It is worth
noting that the previous Soviet pistols were chambered for 9x18 mm
Makarov ammunition, that was inferior to the Western 9x19 mm
ammunition both in terms of penetration and man-stopping power.
pistol is conventional in design and technology. It has an all-steel
construction. However it has been reported that there are some
issues with the build quality. The quality levels can vary from lot
The PY is a
short-recoil operated weapon. Internally it is similar to the Czech
CZ-75 and uses a modified Browning Hi-Power style locking of the
barrel. The PY pistol has a double-action trigger. There is an
ambidextrous manual safety switch on both sides of the frame.
is fed from a double-stack magazine, that holds 17 rounds. Since
2004 it is produced with new magazines, that hold 18 rounds. A
magazine release button can be easily reversed from left side to the
right, depending on the shooter preferences.
pistol has simple fixed iron sights, set at a range of 50 meters.
Range of effective fire is about the same.
Viking. It is an export version of the MP-443 Grach. It can not fire
the Russian 7N21 ammunition. Otherwise it is identical. It has been
reported, that the Viking is built to higher quality standards than
the Russian military version. The Viking is available with either
steel or polymer frame. This pistol can be fitted with dismountable
Picatinny rail mount for various accessories, such as laser pointers
and tactical flashlights. It has been exported to Kazakhstan and
possibly some other countries.
Viking is a civilian version with a magazine capacity of 10 rounds.
It is sold under Baikal brand.