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M79 Osa

Anti-tank rocket launcher

M79 Osa

Production of the M79 Osa continues in Serbia, Croatia and North Macedonia

 
 
Country of origin Yugoslavia
Entered service Late 1970s (?)
Caliber 90 mm
Weight (unloaded) 6.2 kg
Weight (loaded) 11.2 kg
Rocket weight in container 3.5 kg
Length (unloaded ~ 1.2 m
Length (loaded) 1.91 m
Muzzle velocity 250 m/s
Rate of fire up to 6 rpm
Sighting range 600 m
Range of effective fire (against tanks) 350 m
Range of effective fire (against buildings) 600 m
Armor penetration 400 mm

 

   The M79 Osa (wasp) is a Yugoslav reloadable anti-tank rocket launcher. It strongly resembles the French LRAC F1 in form and function. The former Yugoslavia and France enjoyed an unprecedented degree of military-industrial cooperation before the former's collapse. Despite similar design the M79 Osa has a different shape of the launcher, the diameter of the bore, and the configuration of accessories. This weapon was developed in the late 1970s. After brake up of Yugoslavia production continued in Serbia, Croatia and North Macedonia. This weapon was used during Yugoslav wars. Recently a large number of these rocket launchers were supplied to rebels in Syria.

   The M79 Osa fires 90 mm anti-tank rocket with a shaped charge warhead. It penetrates up to 400 mm of steel armor. There is also a thermobaric rocket for this weapon, which is effective against buildings, bunkers and entrenched infantry.

   This Yugoslav rocket launcher has an unusual loading method. Its ammunition is carried inside a hermetically-sealed fiberglass tube. It is plugged into the chamber of the launcher to form its second half when in use. When the rocket is launched the expended tube is discarded and the new one round is loaded. This loading method was pioneered on the French LRAC F1 and was later used on many other weapons, including the Israeli B-300 and Soviet Union's RPG-29 Vampir.

   This weapon is operated by a team of 2 including gunner and loader, who carries extra ammunition and protects the gunner.

   The M79 rocket launcher comes with a CN-6 sight, which has 3.5x magnification. This sight comes with anti-laser filters. These prevent hostile laser protection systems from damaging eyesight of the gunner. The CN-6 has a signting range of 600 m. With this sight the M79 Osa has an effective range of up to 350 m against armored vehicles and up to 600 m against structures. Also there are simple flip-up iron sights. Though this weapon will not be as accurate using these sights.

 

Variants

 

   RL90 M95 is a Croatian-produced variant. After break up of Yugoslavia Croatia continued local production of the Osa.

 

 
M79 Osa anti-tank rocket launcher

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M79 Osa anti-tank rocket launcher

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M79 Osa anti-tank rocket launcher

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M79 Osa anti-tank rocket launcher

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