7.92x57 mm Mauser
Weight (empty, with scope)
1 135 mm
1 000 m
Range of effective fire
up to 800 m
tactical rifle was developed in the 1970s at Crvena Zastava factory
in former Yugoslavia. It has some similarities with the Soviet
PSL tactical rifles and is designed to fulfill the same role.
For some reason Yugoslavia developed indigenous alternative to the
Soviet SVD. The M76 was adopted by Yugoslavian armed forces in 1976.
Since then it has become a standard issue sniper rifle. It
seems that this rifle is no longer produced. Some sources report
that 15 000 of these tactical rifles were produced. It is still used
by the Serbian armed forces, but is being replaced by a newer M91.
The M76 is also in service with some countries of the former
Yugoslavia, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, and
possibly other. It has been exported to Iraq and Saudi Arabia. It
has seen action during Yugoslav wars, Kosovo War and Operation Iraqi
Freedom. Some sources report that this tactical rifle is produced in
North Korea as Jeogyeok-Bochong.
The M76 is a
squad support weapon optimized for medium-range rapid fire combat.
In terms of performance it is broadly in line with the Soviet SVD
and Romanian PSL. However it is inferior to most Western sniper
rifles. It is a
tactical rifle, rather than a true sniper weapon. The M76 is not ment for highly trained sniper
teams, but for designated marksmen to extend a fire reach of a
squad. It can engage targets beyond the range of assault rifles. The
whole concept behind this rifle is that an average
individual with some simple instructions can successfully engage
targets. It is worth mentioning
that during the Cold War, Warsaw Pact countries had no dedicated sniper rifle
in its inventory other than the Soviet SVD due to its doctrine.
tactical rifle is based on a rechambered and modified
assault rifle (license-produced version of the Soviet
AKM), rather than being a clone of the SVD. The M76 has longer
barrel, telescopic sight and some other changes. The rifle was
strengthened to accept much powerful rifle ammunition. Being derived
from Kalashnikov design this rifle is simple, reliable and tolerant
to abusive use. All controls of the rifle are similar to Kalashnikov
The M76 is
chambered for 7.92x57 mm Mauser round. Yugoslavia adopted this
ammunition in the late 1940s. In its day it was one of the world's
most popular military cartridges. However currently this ammunition
mainly used for spots and hunting. The M76 uses a special sniper
grade ammunition. It can also use standard ball and tracer rounds,
however at a cost of reduced accuracy. Currently Serbia is shifting
towards a standard NATO ammunition. This is the reason why the M76 is
The M76 is a
gas-operated semi-automatic weapon. It has a higher rate of fire and
can make much more aimed shots comparing with bolt-action rifles.
However there are some drawbacks of semi-automatic design. Spent
cases are ejected sideways and can disguise the shooter. The M76 has
a manually adjustable gas regulator that can block the gas from
pushing back the bolt. In this way the rifle operates as a manual
tactical rifle has a wooden housing.
tactical rifle is fed from 10-round magazines.
The M76 is
fitted with 4x magnification sight. It is similar to a Soviet PSO-1.
The scope's reticle pattern is easy to use and makes range
estimation quick and reasonably accurate without any mathematical
calculations. Aimed range is 1 000 meters. This rifle can be also fitted
with a night vision scope. Also the M76 has adjustable iron sights
for emergency use. Iron sights have aimed range of up to 1 000
meters. The optical sight is side-mounted and does not block the
iron sights. So the shooter can use any sight at any time. Range of
effective fire is up to 800 meters. Maximum effective range is up to
1 000 m. However most typically it is used at ranges up to 600
meters. Its accuracy is entirely acceptable for a tactical rifle.
can be attached to the rifle. That is another feature that typical
sniper rifles do not have. The M76 can be also fitted with a bipod.
Tabuk, it is an Iraqi modified version of the M76. It is
chambered for 7.62x39 mm ammunition. It is a standard round used by
Kalashnikov assault rifles. This rifle was manufactured in Iraq
using machinery obtained from Yugoslavian Zastava factory. It was
adopted to service in 1978 and it is still used today.