7.62 x 51 mm (.308 Winchester)
1 105 mm
Cyclic rate of fire
500 - 650 rpm
Practical rate of fire
1 800 m
Range of effective fire
Range of effective fire (mounted on a tripod)
1 100 m
started out with many problems, the US M60 General Purpose Machine
Gun (GPMG) has since evolved into a capable weapon. It has been
produced since 1957 at the cost of approximately $6 000 per unit and
has served with at least 30 armed forces.
After NATO adopted the 7.62x51 mm cartridge, the United
States decided to design weapons to use this new ammunition. The
resulting US GPMG design was heavily influenced by the respected
World War II German MG42, which is probably the first GPMG, and the
FG42 assault rifle/light machine gun.
Nicknamed the “Pig” for its large size, the M60 had a number
of faults. It was poorly balanced, often unreliable, and prone to
jam after a lot of firing. Certain parts had a tendency to bend or
break, and it was equipped with a fragile trigger mechanism. In
addition, it was easy to accidentally cause the barrel fall off.
Changing the barrel was tricky due to a lack of a carrying handle
and permanently mounted bipod.
these faults were removed in the later models. But by that time the
United States had already decided to adopt the
as their GPMG, primarily because of its excellent reliability even
The M60 is a gas-operated, air cooled, belt fed machine gun
that fires from an open bolt. It utilizes disintegrating metallic
link belts of about 100 to 200 rounds and a built-in bipod, although
it can be mounted on a tripod.
With its iron sights this General Purpose Machine Gun is
effective against area targets out to 800 meters with the integral
bipod and out to 1 100 meters when mounted on a tripod.
The M60 uses accurate, hard-hitting 7.62x51 mm NATO rounds of
the ball, tracer, and armor-piercing variety. Normal belts include
four ball rounds for every one tracer round.
Saco Defense, US Ordnance, Ridge Tool and Die, and Inland MFG
Division of GM have produced the M60 in the United States. Taiwan
and South Korea have also built the M60 under license.
Although it was primarily used in Vietnam, the M60 has also
been used in the Laotian Civil War, Cambodian Civil War,
Cambodian-Vietnamese War, Salvadoran Civil War, The Troubles,
Persian Gulf War, War in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Colombian Conflict,
and the Bougainville Civil War.
The M60 has been used by the United States, United Kingdom,
Taiwan, South Korea, Portugal, Indonesia, Australia, Greece, Italy,
and many other nations. However, it is becoming more and more rare
as countries switch to more modern weapons such as the
improved version of the M60 that did not enter production. Many of
its features were used in later models such as the M60E3.
M60E2: electronically operated variant for use on AFVs.
M60B: developed for use on helicopters, but had a limited
service life. The M60C and D models soon replaced it.
M60C: unlike the M60B, this variant was electronically
operated. It was mounted on helicopters.
M60D: unlike the M60B, this model was mounted not held. It
was used on helicopters, ships, and vehicles.
M60E3: in 1986, this version was introduced in an attempt to
remove some of the many problems plaguing the M60. The M60E3
incorporated lighter weight, an ambidextrous safety, a carrying
handle, stellite-lined barrel for sustained fire, and bipod attached
to the receiver instead of the barrel. Nevertheless, it was not good
at sustained fire, remained unreliable, and had significant trouble
M60E4: developed in the 90s for Navy SEALs. Its light weight
and short length made it accurate for firing from the shoulder. In
addition, its multiple Picatinny rails can fit a variety of
accessories and optics. The M60E4 can be configured with three
different types of barrels depending on the situation.
M60E6 (Mk.43 Mod 0/1):
Incorporates several different improvements including better
reliability. In 2014 this weapon was selected for use by the Danish Army in
2014. They were supposed to begin to receive the first batch of 600
units in 2015.
T57: Taiwan license production model. Production began in
Article by The Tiger
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