Country of origin
Expected in 2017
9x19 mm Parabellum
~ 360 m/s
Range of effective fire
Modular Gun System as a program, originally initiated by the US Air Force
in 2008. The program was carried out in conjunction with the US
Army. It called for a new military pistol which would replace the
was adopted back in the mid 1980s. The main reason for the program
was that the M9 pistols were worn-out and approaching the end of
their service life. Also today the M9 is an out-dated platform,
outclassed by most modern pistols. The XM17 program called for
commercial off-the-shelf pistol with modular features, which would
be more effective, accurate and reliable than the M9, and would have
Picatinny-type accessory rails.
competition was first announced in 2011. In 2014 the SIG Sauer
submitted for the XM17 program a
P320 pistol. In 2017 their design won against 8 other
Glock 17 Gen4,
Beretta APX, CZ P09,
Smith & Wesson Military & Police, Detonics Defense STX, and some
other designs. Interestingly Beretta designed an updated version of
the M9 with some improvements, the
M9A3. However this pistol was not submitted for the competition. Instead
the Beretta competed with their new APX striker-fired pistol, which
eventually was not selected.
Sauer P320 will enter service with the US Air Force and the US Army
as the M17. Also a compact version of this pistol was selected for
procurement. It is planned that the first M17 pistols will be
fielded by the end of 2017. It is planned that full-rate production
will begin in 2018. It is expected that a contract for
roughly 280 000 full-size pistols will be awarded for the US Army,
plus additional pistols by the US Air Force. It is going to be the
largest pistol contract since 1985, when the US Army adopted the
Beretta 92FS as the M9. Within the next 10 years the new M17 pistols
will be gradually replace the M9s.
Marine Corps also participated in the XM17 Modular Gun System
program, but most likely will not order new pistols until their
current pistol's life cycles end in the mid 2020s.
complaints about the insufficient stopping power of the M9s 9x19 mm
round. So the XM17 program was an open-caliber competition to allow
submissions chambered for more powerful ammunition. Eventually
military has chosen the SIG Sauer P320, chambered in the same 9x19 mm
Parabellum round. The same ammunition is used by the M9 pistol.
However the P320, as well as the M17 has a modular and multi-caliber
design. It can be adapted for .40 S&W, .375 SIG, .380 ACP and .45
ACP ammunition. SIG Sauer offers conversion kits for this pistol.
Caliber conversions are performed simply by changing barrels,
slides, frames and magazines. Both full-size and compact models use
the same trigger group.
The M17 is a
self-cocking striker-fired pistol with a double-action only trigger.
It is a short recoil operated weapon, which fires with the locked
breech. It uses the typical SIG Sauer cam-operated barrel.
The slide is
made of stainless steel. Frame is made of polymer. Slide hold and release buttons are ambidextrous. This weapon can be field
stripped without using any tools.
soldiers had problems with the M9, as it was heavy and uncomfortable
to hold. The M9 does not fits every hand well. On the other hand the
M17 is lighter and has got an ergonomic grip. The XM17 Modular Gun
System program called for an ergonomic pistol, that could be
controlled by female soldiers.
chambered in 9x19 mm Parabellum ammunition is fed from 17-round
capacity magazines. There are also optional 21-round extended
magazines. Magazine capacity differs depending on the chambering of
the pistol. Versions chambered in .40 S&W and .375 SIG use 14-round
capacity magazines. Version chambered in .45 ACP uses 10-round magazines.
Magazine release button is reversible.
has got 3-dot iron sights. Both front and rear sights can be
adjusted for windage and elevation. This pistol can also mount a red
dot sight. This pistol has an effective range of 50 meters.
The M17 comes with a
standard Picatinny-type pistol rail. It accepts all standard
tactical accessories, such as flashlights and laser pointers. This
pistol can be configured to receive a suppressor.
version with a shorter 98 mm barrel and shorter grip. Magazine
capacity differs depending on the chambering of the pistol. It will
replace the M11 compact pistol. Perhaps as many as 7 000-10 000 compact
pistols will be ordered.