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Heckler & Koch MP7

Submachine gun


The MP7 personal defense weapon is intended for non-frontline troops

Country of origin Germany
Entered service 2001
Caliber 4.6 x 30 mm
Weight (unloaded) 1.5 kg
Length 540 mm
Length (with folded stock) 340 mm
Barrel length 180 mm
Muzzle velocity 725 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 950 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 100 rpm
Magazine capacity 20, 40 rounds
Sighting range 200 m
Range of effective fire 150 - 200 m


   The MP7 submachine gun was developed by the famous Heckler & Koch company of Germany. Originally this weapon was known as the HK PDW or Personal Defense Weapon. It was designed as a competitor for a successful Belgian Belgian FN P90. The German weapon uses new intermediate ammunition. It is intended for non-frontline troops, vehicle drivers, tank and artillery crews, as well as special forces units, VIP protection teams and hostage rescue units. The MP7 was first revealed in 2000. Its production commenced in 2001. Currently it is in service with Germany and more than 20 other countries, including South Korea and the United Kingdom.

   The Heckler & Koch MP7 is a gas operated, selective fire weapon. Its internal design resembles that of the HK G36 assault rifle, but scaled down. Otherwise it has a layout of a typical submachine gun. This SMG is chambered for a new Heckler & Koch 4.6x30 mm high-velocity ammunition. This ammunition is also used by the HK UCP pistol. The 4.6x30 mm round fits the gap between pistol rounds and rifle rounds. It is superior in terms of range and penetration to the standard 9x19 mm Parabellum round, used by most submachine guns.

   The MP7 has dimensions and weight of a typical submachine gun, but at close ranges delivers firepower of an assault rifle. It is claimed that the MP7 penetrates a standard CRISAT body armor at a range of 200 m.

   In the early 2000s, soon after the introduction of the MP7, tests were conducted by NATO countries to compare the German 4.6x30 mm round, against the Belgian 5.7x28 mm round (used by the FN P90 submachine gun). Tests concluded that the Belgian round was superior. However some NATO countries, notably Germany, rejected recommendation to adopt the Belgian 5.7x28 mm ammunition as the standard NATO round for submachine guns in place of the 9x19 mm Parabellum round. As a result some of the NATO countries independently adopted weapons chambered for 4.6x30 mm ammunition or either 5.7x28 mm ammunition.

   Many operators use this weapon for offensive, rather than defensive roles. The MP7 is often used for offensive roles by assault teams or special operations forces for close quarter combat. Sometimes it is even used as a primary weapon.

   An ambidextrous safety and fire mode selector switch allows for single shots or full automatic fire. An ambidextrous cocking lever is located at the rear of the receiver and resembles that of the M16 assault rifle. The weapon can be cocked using either hand. However there is only one spent case ejection port on the right side of the receiver, so this weapon is not fully ambidextrous.

   This submachine gun is well balanced and is easy to operate. It can be fired like a pistol, using only one hand.

   Magazine is housed inside the pistol grip. It uses 20- or 40-round capacity magazines.

   This weapon has a folding forward grip and retractable shoulder stock.

   This personal defense weapon has a standard Picatinny-type scope rail on top of the receiver. It can mount various sights. It comes as standard with flip-up detachable iron sights. However the MP7 is typically seen with various and a red dot sights. Range of effective fire is around 150-200 meters.

   Additional accessory rails can be installed over the foregrip. The MP7 is compatible with a number of accessories, as well as a sound suppressor. However the silenced weapon requires special subsonic ammunition.




   MP7A1, fitted with additional accessory rails over the foregrip.




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