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Heckler & Koch MP5

Submachine gun


The Heckler & Koch MP5 is one of the most famous firearms of its class

Country of origin Germany
Entered service 1966 (?)
Caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum
Weight (unloaded) 2.88 kg
Length 660 mm
Length (with folded stock) 490 mm
Barrel length 225 mm
Muzzle velocity 400 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 800 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 120 rpm
Magazine capacity 15, 30 rounds
Sighting range 150 m
Range of effective fire up to 100 m


   The MP5 submachine gun was developed by Heckler & Koch company in the early 1960s. It proved to be a highly successful design. In 1966 it was adopted by West German police, border guard and special forces. It proved to be an extremely successful design. Despite its age, the MP5 is in service with nearly 90 countries, including Germany. Its production still continues. This weapon is license-produced in Greece, Iran, Mexico, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. It is one of the most famous firearms of its class. Its only rival in terms of proliferation is the Israeli Uzi submachine gun.

   The Heckler & Koch MP5 is a blowback operated, selective fire weapon, chambered for a standard 9x19 mm Parabellum ammunition. However this submachine gun is unusual because it fires from a closed bolt and has a roller-delay blowback mechanism, similar to that of the Heckler & Koch G3 automatic rifle. It makes this weapon extremely accurate. This submachine gun can be seen as a scaled-down and rechambered version of the G3. The MP5 is a high-quality, reliable and accurate weapon.

   Trigger units of the HK MP5 are available with various fire mode options, including semi-auto, full-auto and various burst modes. Modern versions have ambidextrous fire mode controls, mounted on either side of the receiver. Cocking handle is mounted at the front of the receiver, on the left side.

   First production models of the MP5 were fed from a straight box-shaped magazine. In 1977 a curved magazine was introduced, which is now used as standard. It has 15- or 30-rounds capacity. This SMG is also compatible with 100-round drum magazines.

   Sights of this submachine gun are similar to other Heckler & Koch weapon models and consist of front post and rear diopter. Red-dot, optical or night sights can be mounted on a quick-detachable clamp. Effective range of fire is up to 100 meters.

   A number of improvements were made to this SMG over time.




   HK MP5A1, an original model, which had no buttstock.

   HK MP5A2, fitted with a fixed stock. It was the primary version of the MP5 family.

   HK MP5A3, fitted with retractable stock.

   HK MP5SD a silenced version with integral non-detachable silencer. This weapon is intended fro special operation forces. It uses standard ammunition, rather than special subsonic rounds. This silenced submachine gun was reportedly adopted in 1974.

   HK MP5K a compact submachine gun. This weapon was introduced in 1976. It has got no buttstock, but comes with integral vertical grip. This weapon was designed for concealed carrying. It is intended for various state security units and VIP protection teams.

   HK UMP, it was developed as a successor to the MP5 in the mid-1990s. It was being targeted primarily at US law enforcement market.




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