Home > Firearms > GSh-18


Semi-automatic pistol


The GSh-18 was developed as a military sidearm, capable of penetrating body armor

Caliber 9x19 mm Parabellum
Weight (empty) 580 g
Length 183 mm
Barrel length 103 mm
Muzzle velocity 600 m/s
Magazine capacity 18 rounds
Sighting range 50 m (?)
Range of effective fire ~ 50 m


   The GSh-18 is a Russian semi-automatic pistol. Its development commenced in 1998. It evolved from a commercially unsuccessful P-96 pistol. The GSh-18 was developed as a military sidearm, capable of penetrating body armor. The "GSh" in its designation stands for chief designers of this pistol, Gryazev and Shipunov. These designers are famous for their GSh- series aircraft cannons. The number 18 in the designation stands for magazine capacity. In 2000 the GSh-18 successfully passed military trials. However later a Yarygin pistol was adopted as the main sidearm of the Russian Army. It is likely that a small number of GSh-18 pistols were produced for the Russian law enforcement forces.

   The GSh-18 is chambered for 9x19 mm Parabellum round. However in order to achieve good penetration a special PBP armor-piercing round was developed alongside this pistol with lighter and faster bullet with a hardened steel core. The PBP round penetrates 8 mm steel plate or any Class III bulletproof vest at 20 meters. The GSh-18 can also fire any 9x19 mm Parabellum ammunition.

   This pistol has a double-action trigger. This handgun lacks manual safety, but there is an automatic firing pin safety. It is similar to that of a Glock 17 pistol.

   The frame is made out of polymer, but there are steel inserts and slide rails. The slide is made of steel. Grip shape is quite comfortable.

   The GSh-18 is fed from a double-stack magazine, that holds 18 rounds.

   This pistol has a simple iron sights. It is reported as accurate.





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