Country of origin
5.56 x 45 mm NATO
Length (with folded stock)
Cyclic rate of fire
Practical rate of fire
40 - 120 rpm
Range of effective fire
assault rifle was developed in the late 1960s. It is named after one
of its designers - Yisrael Galil. This weapon is based on the
Finnish M62 assault rifle, which in turn is a clone of the Soviet
However the Galil is chambered for a different cartridge and has a
number of other differences. Some sources report that tooling and
machinery for production of this weapon were imported from Finland.
The Galil was adopted by Israel Defense Forces
(IDF) in 1972 and was a standard-issue infantry weapon until the
early 1990s. This assault rifle is still used in Israel, even though it
was largerly replaced by newer designs, such as the
The Galil has been exported to a number of countries.
This assault rifle is still used in more than 30 countries. The Galil was, or still
is, license-produced in Columbia, Italy, Myanmar, and South Africa.
The Galil is
a gas operated, selective fire weapon. It employs the same action as
Kalashnikov assault rifle, but uses a modified gas system of the
Finnish M62, which reduces the recoil. It is chambered for a
standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. This version was adopted by the
IDF. There is also a version
chambered for a standard NATO 7.62x51 mm ammunition.
selector has 3 positions for "safe", "semi-auto" and "full-auto". A
charging handle is located on the right side, but it is bent
upwards, so the weapon can be charged with either hand.
5.56x45 mm version of this weapon is fed from 35-round magazines. It
is also compatible with 50-round box magazines, of the
light machine gun. There is an optional magazine adapter, which
allows to use standard NATO (M16-type)
30-round magazines. The 7.62x51 mm version of the Galil uses 25-round magazines.
The 5.56-mm version uses curved magazines, while the 7.62-mm version
uses straight box magazines.
rifle is fitted with a side-folding aluminum stock. It is a clone of
FAL Paratrooper stock. Early
production versions had a
wooden foregrip. Later models were fitted with a polymer one.
has diopter-type sights. Sighting range is 500 meters. It can also
mount scopes or night vision sights.
has a bayonet lug. This assault rifle is capable of launching riffle
grenades. For this role a special 12-round magazine with blank
cartridges is used.
rifle became a base for a whole family of infantry weapons.
(Assault Rifle) is a baseline assault rifle.
(Short Assault Rifle) is a version with a shorter barrel. It is also
known as Glilon.
Galil ARM is
a light machine gun version. It comes with a bipod and carrying
handle. It is fed from 50-round capacity box magazines, but can also
use 35-round magazines of the Galil AR and SAR.
(Micro Assault Rifle) or Micro Galil, is a compact assault rifle.
This weapon has updated design and some new features. One of
them is a 3-round burst firing
is a designated marksman rifle. The name is a contraction of "Galil
Tzalafim", meaning "Galil Sniper" (another common name for this
weapon). It has a heavy match-grade barrel. It accepts the same 12- or 25-round magazines of the Galil
AR. It is available chambered in 5.56x45 mm NATO, and 7.62x51 mm
NATO. This weapon was adopted by the IDF in 1983.
assault rifle is a new-generation version of the Galil. Originally
it was known as Galil ACE. It has some
modifications and is made using
new materials. This weapon is lighter and more accurate than the
original Galil. It is available chambered in 5.56x45 mm NATO,
7.62x51 mm NATO and 7.62x39 mm Russian ammunition.
VB-STR and VB-SR are Italian clones of the Galil. The VB-SR has a
magazine well and accepts all standard NATO (M16-type)
Vektor R4 is
a South African license-produced version of the Galil ARM light
Golani is a
civilian version, produced in the USA.